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4In the fasting state, hormones such as catecholamines, cortisol, and glucagon break down stored complexes to provide glucose as a fuel for energy. Insulin is responsible for anabolism. Aldosterone plays a major role in fluid and electrolyte balance. Somatostatin inhibits other hormones, such as insulin and glucagon.Text Reference - p. 1140Which hormone participates in catabolism during the fasting state?1Insulin2Aldosterone3Somatostatin4CatecholaminesThe heart secretes the hormone atrial natriuretic peptide, which helps with the homeostatic control ofbody water, sodium, potassium, and fat. The liver, lungs, and appendix do secrete hormones.Text Reference - p. 1135Which body organ secretes hormones?1Liver2Heart3Lungs4Appendix4Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) fosters the growth of the adrenal cortex. Oxytocin stimulates milk secretion. Somatostatin inhibits insulin and glucagon secretion. Growth hormone promotes protein anabolism.Text Reference - p. 1136Which hormone is associated with fostering growth of the adrenal cortex?1Oxytocin2
Somatostatin3Growth hormone4Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)1The pineal gland is located in the brain and is composed of photoreceptive cells. The pineal gland helps regulate circadian rhythms and the reproductive system at the onset of puberty. Abnormalities in the pineal gland functioning may lead to disturbances in the menstrual cycle.Text Reference - p. 1139A teenaged female patient reports disturbances in her menstrual cycle. Which gland does the nurse suspect to cause the disturbances caused by improper functioning?1Pineal gland2Adrenal gland3Anterior pituitary gland4Posterior pituitary gland1, 3Insulin and growth hormone (GH) function as antagonists in the human body. Insulin is produced from the pancreas and has a hypoglycemic effect, because it promotes the entry of glucose into the cells. Growth hormone (GH) indirectly inhibits glucose metabolism and increases the blood glucose levels. Increased levels of GH cause an increase in glucose levels, which suppress insulin production. Prolactinis a lactogenic hormone that stimulates and promotes the secretion of milk in nursing mothers. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) promotes and maintains the development of the thyroid gland. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) promotes and maintains the development of the cortex of the adrenal gland. Prolactin, TSH, and ACTH do not have antagonistic effects.Test Reference - p. 1137Which hormones produced in a patient's body have an antagonistic effect on each other? Select all that apply.1Insulin2Prolactin3
Growth hormone4Thyroid-stimulating hormone5Adrenocorticotropic hormone2Oxytocin targets the mammary glands in postpartum patients and stimulates milk secretion. Insulin is the hormone that helps with glucose regulation in the body. Epinephrine is the hormone that helps augment and prolong the sympathetic nervous system effects. Parathormone helps maintain calcium and phosphorus levels in the body.