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Lec 11 - Bay Area Divided The Micro Geography of the...

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2/28/06 Bay Area Divided The Micro Geography of the Metropolis Lecture 11 Segregated Suburbia o Developers Mass housing development didn’t really originate till 1920s Entire tracks were developed with hundreds of houses built at once Very homogenous Used to only build few houses at a time o Used to develop very heterogeneous housing This development style started in California, not Long Island, New York Doelger built most of the Southwest San Francisco neighborhoods including Sunset West San Francisco all these 1920s style houses, not Victorian o Covenants Deed covenants Introduced widely in 1900 Restrict the use of property Racial covenants (white-only suburbs) o Caused racial exclusion in neighborhoods o Piedmont had Jewish streets o Presidio Terrace – classic suburb with covenants o Zoning Invented in early 1920s, city ordinances Separation of use o Industrial, commercial, residential o Single vs. multi-family homes Minimum lot sizes o Made sure that houses remain relatively large sized to exclude the poor Started in Berkeley o Borax and Mason-McDuffie helped develop the Claremont District in 1906 LA adopts zoning in 1908, New York in 1915 o Hoover’s Model Zoning Ordinances, 1920s Zoning spread across the country o Finance Mortgage Loans Only available to upper classes < 1930 Working class rented Racial discrimination
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