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Orange heat transfer problem

Orange heat transfer problem - Chapter 6 Solution 1C In...

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Chapter 6, Solution 1C. In forced convection, the fluid is forced to flow over a surface or in a tube by external means such as a pump or a fan. In natural convection, any fluid motion is caused by natural means such as the buoyancy effect that manifests itself as the rise of the warmer fluid and the fall of the cooler fluid. The convection caused by winds is natural convection for the earth, but it is forced convection for bodies subjected to the winds since for the body it makes no difference whether the air motion is caused by a fan or by the winds. Chapter 6, Solution 2C. If the fluid is forced to flow over a surface, it is called external forced convection. If it is forced to flow in a tube, it is called internal forced convection. A heat transfer system can involve both internal and external convection simultaneously. Example: A pipe transporting a fluid in a windy area. Chapter 6, Solution 3C. The convection heat transfer coefficient will usually be higher in forced convection since heat transfer coefficient depends on the fluid velocity, and forced convection involves higher fluid velocities. Chapter 6, Solution 4C. The potato will normally cool faster by blowing warm air to it despite the smaller temperature difference in this case since the fluid motion caused by blowing enhances the heat transfer coefficient considerably.
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