9.3.09 Wildlife Diseases, Distemper Virus

9.3.09 Wildlife Diseases, Distemper Virus - Infectious...

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Infectious Viral Diseases Morbilliviral
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Measles Rinderpest (???) Canine Distemper Feline Morbillivirus Peste des petits Aquatic Mammalian Morbillivirus
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Morbilliviral Diseases 1. Rinderpest 2. Canine Distemper** 3. Feline Morbillivirus Infection** 4. Measles* “European origin” Primates!!! 5. Morbillivirus Infections in Aquatic Mammals** 6. Peste des petits ruminants virus
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Rinderpest Cattle Plague This disease in Europe lead to the first Veterinary Medical School Goal to eradicate this disease by year 2010 Wildlife Issues--
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Canine Distemper Virus(CDV) Hard Pad Disease Wide host range; species in all families in the order Carnivora are susceptible to CDV Important, common , highly contagious, systemic viral disease seen worldwide. Currently endemic in most areas of the southwest. Occurs worldwide, coyotes, wolves, red and gray foxes (*), black-footed ferrets (*), skunks raccoons, bears (sub clinical here).
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Canine Distemper Virus Paramyxovirus closely related to measles and rinderpest. RNA Virus Virus is unstable outside of the host and rapidly becomes non infective*** Originally described in 1905 by Carre’ . Can infect dogs, foxes, coyotes, wolfs, ferrets, skunks, raccoons some of the large feline species and marine animals (seals and sea lions, dolphins and whales)
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Canine Distemper Virus Morbillivirus Family: Paramyxoviridae Single-Stranded RNA Virus
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Canine Distemper Proteins (Surface)
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Canine Distemper Virus Infected animals shed virus in all body secretions. Aerosol secretion is the primary route of transmission but the virus can be spread by contaminated soil, food and fomites… Infected animals can shed virus for several months. Close association between affected and susceptible animals is necessary due to the fragile nature of CDV. Distemper requires a susceptible population to maintain the disease
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Morbilla Viral Transmission
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Canine Distemper Virus Signs Symptoms: Signs 1. High fever 2. Coughing and possible pneumonia 3. Conjunctivitis 4. Neurological signs such as “ chewing gum fits ”, seizures, ascending paralysis starting in the rear quarters. 5.
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9.3.09 Wildlife Diseases, Distemper Virus - Infectious...

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