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Unformatted text preview: this opens the flood gate to a new manifestation of islam Benimerines (defeated at the battle of salamanca 1340) christians take gibraltar african armies abandon Peninsula Summary of Al-andalus eastern influences greece, byzantium, damascus, persia, and beyond gunpowder concept of zero silk paper crystal Hellenic culture translation into arabic (ex. Aristotle) averoes (ibn Rushd) dynamic mix of hispanic visogothic and islamic people and cultural elements La alhambra, indpeendent kingdom of granada 1231-1492 Reconquest takes about a century of military conquest begins in the very north of spain castilla takes over leon (on the west)...
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- Spring '09