POLS FINAL STUDY GUIDE .docx - What are the areas in which...

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What are the areas in which state government sets policy? - criminal law; civil law; police, courts, and prison system; all levels of public education; environmental protection and land use management; labor laws; consumer protection; administration of health and welfare programs; transportation; housing How many representatives represent California in Congress? - Assembly of 80 and Senate of 40 “Hybrid democracy” - the tools of direct democracy - the initiative, referendum, and recall - render California’s government a hybrid type in which citizens possess the power to make or reject laws and elect or elect representatives, one of only 11 states that permit all three. Progressive reforms that aimed to weaken political parties, such as cross-filing - Cross-filing occurs when a candidate runs of not only his own party, but also one or more other parties in hope of reducing his competition at the general election “Third House” - a term referring to lobbyists as a group and - as if they were on par with the other houses of the legislature - indicates their influence in the legislative process. How did California redesign its legislature as a result of a Supreme Court ruling in 1965 (Reynolds v. Sims)? - It struck down the way Californians were being represented by a “federal plan” where californians were represented by an upper house based on geographic areas, and a

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