Week 5 - 1. Utilitarianism is a school of thought...

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1. Utilitarianism is a school of thought identified with the writings of Jeremy Bentham and James Mill. It advocated the principle and goal of "the greatest happiness of the greatest number". Though admirable, its approach to achieving happiness was rather like a stimulus or response approach, focusing on the influence of pleasure and pain and the negative and positive associations created through praise and punishment. Its approach in education was to form positive associations with actions for social good and negative associations with things socially hurtful. The moral theories are divided between two distinct approaches: the intuitive and inductive schools. Although both schools agree on the existence of a single and highest normative principle (being that actions are right if they tend to promote happiness and wrong if they tend to produce the reverse of happiness), they disagree about whether we have knowledge of that principle intuitively, or inductively. I think it is flawed a little because you can't have it both ways. Either I take into
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This note was uploaded on 09/07/2009 for the course PL 201 taught by Professor Brom during the Spring '03 term at Limestone.

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Week 5 - 1. Utilitarianism is a school of thought...

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