Autism_Handout - Neuroscience in the News August 13, 2009...

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Neuroscience in the News August 13, 2009 Autism: Anatomy and Physiology The Role of Amygdala Volume and Function in Autism Spectrum Disorders Presenters: Erica Gonzalez; RevaMarine Robinson; Christina Runne; Amanda Wilber; Jillian Wood Amygdalae -almond-shaped collection of nuclei -located within the antero-superior temporal lobe -functions as part of limbic lobe -part of learning with emotion, motivation, memory -particularly associated with learned fear and aggression Autism Spectrum Disorder -group of developmental disorders including Autism, Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) -affects approximately 1 to 3 out of every 500 children -4 times as likely in males - characteristics: Impaired social functioning Impaired verbal/non-verbal communication skills Stereotyped behavior/ obsessive interests -in families with one autistic child, the risk of having a second child with the disorder is approximately 5% -cause is under investigation -likely that it’s due to genetics and environment -previous studies have shown that individuals with autism have increased cerebral
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course SPHSC 449 taught by Professor Peter during the Summer '09 term at University of Washington.

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Autism_Handout - Neuroscience in the News August 13, 2009...

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