Dementiaplain - Management of Individuals with Dementia...

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Management of Individuals with Dementia Dementia is a symptom, not a disease Can be caused by infection, trauma, tumor, toxicity, degenerative neurologic disease, multiple infarcts, & more
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Dementia Two Types: Cortical = associated with degeneration in neocortical association areas and hippocampus Subcortical = linked to dysfunction in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and rostral brain stem.
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Dementia: Distinguishing Characteristics Cortical little motor impairment impaired cognitive functions -- aphasia, agnosia, amnesia, acalculia, visuospatial, abstraction indifference toward deficit (anosognosia) Subcortical dysarthric speech, abnormal movement patterns impaired cognitive functions -- psychomotor retardation, forgetfulness, impaired insight, poor strategy formation concern about difficulties; depression
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Characteristics of Alzheimer’s Disease Most common irreversible dementia (50%) Approximately 4 million in US affected 14 million by 2050 usually affects people over 60 years of age
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Dementiaplain - Management of Individuals with Dementia...

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