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Unformatted text preview: conclusion could be false (a good bet) ex: The sun rises everyday, but that does not mean is will rise everyday *This course is primary concerned with valid arguments* Inductive argument: particular premise -> General conclusion Deductive argument: general premise -> particular conclusion A particular premise or conclusion begins w/ the term "some" or "at least one" or e/ the name of an individual A general premise or conclusion begins with the term "all" or "every" or "in every case" making Predictions from stat. generalizations would also fail to count as inductive reasoning (general -> particular) Statistical Reasoning is inductive Mathematicians tend to draw general conclusions from general premises thus if deductive arguments had to move from general premise to particular conclusions, most mathematicians reasoning would fail to be deductive Aristotle- while observing particular events, you could discover general principles (induction) Reasoning begins when we deduce consequences from these discovered principles...
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course PHIL 111 taught by Professor Edgar during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Geneseo.
- Spring '08