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IEEE LANGUAGE REFERENCE MANUAL Std P 1076a -199 9 2000/D3 Clause 7 99 Copyright © 2000, IEEE. All rights reserved. This is an unapproved IEEE Standards Draft, subject to change. Clause 7 Expressions The rules applicable to the different forms of expression, and to their evaluation, are given in this section clause 1 . 7.1 Expressions An expression is a formula that defines the computation of a value. expression ::= relation { and relation } | relation { or relation } | relation { xor relation } | relation [ nand relation ] | relation [ nor relation ] | relation { xnor relation } relation ::= shift_expression [ relational_operator shift_expression ] shift_expression ::= simple_expression [ shift_operator simple_expression ] simple_expression ::= [ sign ] term { adding_operator term } term ::= factor { multiplying_operator factor } factor ::= primary [ ** primary ] | abs primary | not primary primary ::= name | literal | aggregate | function_call | qualified_expression | type_conversion | allocator | ( expression ) 1. To conform to IEEE rules.
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IEEE Std P 1076a -1999 2000/D3 IEEE STANDARD VHDL 100 Clause 7 Copyright © 2000, IEEE. All rights reserved. This is an unapproved IEEE Standards Draft, subject to change. Each primary has a value and a type. The only names allowed as primaries are attributes that yield values and names denoting objects or values. In the case of names denoting objects other than objects of file types or pro- tected types 2 , the value of the primary is the value of the object. In the case of names denoting either file objects or objects of protected types, the value of the primary is the entity denoted by the name. 3 The type of an expression depends only upon the types of its operands and on the operators applied; for an over- loaded operand or operator, the determination of the operand type, or the identification of the overloaded operator, depends on the context (see 10.5). For each predefined operator, the operand and result types are given in the following clause. NOTE The syntax for an expression involving logical operators allows a sequence of and , or , xor , or xnor operators (whether predefined or user-defined), since the corresponding predefined operations are associative. For the operators nand and nor (whether predefined or user-defined), however, such a sequence is not allowed, since the corresponding predefined opera- tions are not associative. 7.2 Operators The operators that may be used in expressions are defined below. Each operator belongs to a class of operators, all of which have the same precedence level; the classes of operators are listed in order of increasing precedence. logical_operator ::= and | or | nand | nor | xor | xnor relational_operator ::= = | /= | < | <= | > | >= shift_operator ::= sll | srl | sla | sra | rol | ror adding_operator ::= + | | & sign ::= + | multiplying_operator ::= * | / | mod | rem miscellaneous_operator ::= ** | abs | not Operators of higher precedence are associated with their operands before operators of lower precedence. Where the language allows a sequence of operators, operators with the same precedence level are associated with their operands in textual order, from left to right. The precedence of an operator is fixed and may not cannot 4 be changed by the user, but parentheses can be used to control the association of operators and operands.
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