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Anthropology 148 Notes

Anthropology 148 Notes - Anthropology 148 Notes Scientific...

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Anthropology 148 Notes Scientific Method, Anthropology, and Evolution Scientific Theory Empirical – can be tested Facts Hypotheses Theories Scientific Laws – a theory that is widely proven with much evidence. Example : Gravity Operate in the way that things can change anytime. Most theories have been proven false through time. Evolutionary Biology Somewhat different than more physical sciences o Not always as empirical and testable o Analogy sometimes required o Often historical narratives work better as explanations. o Ernst Mayer – rather than Scientific explanations such as theories or laws, evolutionary biology should focus more on Historical Narratives . Events that come earlier influence events that come later. Origins of Scientific Thought Greeks and Romans o Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) o Theophrastus (371-287 B.C.) o Archimedes (287-212 B.C.) o Pliny (A.D. 23-79) o Hipporcates (460-375 B.C.) o Erastratus (300-150 B.C.) o Galen (c. 200 CE) St. Augustine (A.D. 354-430) Fixity of Species o Essentialism o Scala Naturae No need to investigate nature o Essentialism
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Scientific Revolution – Begins A.D. 1543/1600 Sir Issac Newton Nicolaus Copernicus Andreas Vesalius William Harvey Francis Bacon Leeuwenhoek Robert Hooke Carolus Linneaus (1707-1778) Systema naturae (1735) - Characterized by Organisms by physical traits spawned by Binomial nomenclature - Genus, special (e.g. homo sapiens) George Louis Leclerc [Compte de Buffon] (1707-1788) Disagreed with Linneaus Historie Naturelle (1749)
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