homo3a - Human Evolution: Genus Homo General...

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Human Evolution: Genus Homo
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General Characteristics of Homo Earliest are when and where? Homo habilis in Africa at 2.4 mya Potentially Two Species: Homo habilis and Homo rudolfensis Morphological Characteristics of Homo more rounded cranium greater cranial capacity and brain reorganization EQ values go up (3.3 for Australopiths; 4.3+ for Homo ) tool use certain dental and masticatory apparatus reduction Number of Species Currently 4-12 Named Species with some discussion
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Taxonomy of Homo Homo habilis Homo erectus Early Archaic Homo sapiens Late Archaic Homo sapiens Homo sapiens (AMHSS) Brain Size 500-750 cc 650-1250 cc 1050-1350 cc 1250-1750 cc 1350-1600 cc Geographic Location East Africa Africa, Europe, Asia Africa, Europe, Asia Europe, Asia Worldwide Behavioral Firsts Tool use?, Tool Manufacture? Fire, hunting? Hunting, Built shelters Intentional burial, social support Cave art Dating 2.4-1.9/1.8 mya 1.9/1.8-.4 mya (.2=200,000)/27,000 800,000/500,000- 200,000/100,000 B.P. (before present) 350,000/130,000- 40,000/30,000 B.P. 195,000/40,000- now Proposed Species Splits Homo rufolfensis Homo ergaster, Homo georgicus Homo heidelbergensis, Homo antecessor Homo neanderthalensis Homo sapiens idultu; Homo sapiens floresiensis
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course ANTH 123 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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homo3a - Human Evolution: Genus Homo General...

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