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REVIEW FOR EXAMINATION ONE, ANTHROPOLOGY 148, FALL 2008 56 Questions on Test Beginning of test is heavy on genetics True/False from boxes from online reading GENERAL What is anthropology? – study of humans What is paleoanthropology? Study of the fossil + cultural remains and other evidence of humans’ extinct ancestors What are the major subfields? [physical] Bio+evolutionary development / [cultural] living human’s social and behavioral patterns / [linguistic] speech language What is the scientific approach? Observations , Question , Hypothesis , Prediction – test supports hypothesis/ makes additional predictions and tests them, Test : Experimental or additional observation (Test doesn’t support hypothesis/revises hypothesis or poses a new one). Terms : theory - a proposed explanation whose status is still conjectural , Hypothesis – guess or assumption Scientific Law – a theory that is widely proven with much evidence IMPORTANT PEOPLE Who are the important individuals in the rise of scientific thought leading to natural selection (e.g., Buffon, Lamarck, Lyell, Linneaus (Systema naturae – characterized by organisms by physical traits spawned by binomial nomenclature) DeVries , - Discovered mutations (where variation will come from) / intracellular Pangenesis – inherited characters are unit characters (each character inherited independently) Mendel – sought rules of inheritance (conducted pea experiment) genotype/phenotype Wallace – both thought of natural selection Cuvier Catastrophism – earth had been visited by a series of natural disasters that eliminated forms and as those life forms were eliminated, new life forms moved in and replaced them. NO EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE INVOLVED. St. Augustine - No need to investigate nature, essentialism. Fixity of species James Ussher - Person name/connect to a term or bigger concept Matching E.G. Darwin Natural Selection Look up TR Malthus essay on “Principal of Population” His influence on ideas of Darwin and Wallace What were the major contributions of Darwin to evolutionary thought? Who are Rosemary and Peter Grant, and how did their research on Darwin’s Finches demonstrate
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course ANTH 123 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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