Jamestown and Massachusetts The Model Colonies

Jamestown and Massachusetts The Model Colonies - Jamestown...

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Jamestown and Massachusetts: the Model Colonies I. Founding of Jamestown 1. James I Had blood line to Tudor family King of Scotland Becomes new Monarch English considered Scottish to be rustic (redneck) Not Queen Elizabeth He lived in Her shadow Tried to win love of the people Translated the bible Wanted to establish colony because Elizabeth couldn’t 2. Virginia Company Naming selves after virgin queen Private company that was going to establish colony If this succeeds on The king if it fails its on the company Has stock holders -#1 concern is profit 3. James Island Spring 1607 East coast of Virginia in Chesapeake bay Sailed into James river Established themselves on James “island”(peninsula) Worst possible location Just sailed into most powerful Indian Chiefs domain of east coast (Chief Powhatan) 4. Powhatan Confederacy
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5. Early Struggles Crew (1) Nature of crew 105 (50%) Defined themselves as Gentleman-came from family that owned land (2) other 50% were laborers who knew how to work but wasn’t familiar with this work (3) only use to 4 hours of work (4) Only 2% of families owned land , these people could vote and never had to work a day in their life (5) These were all second born children who would not receive any inheritance (6) 1 man is qualified Captain John Smith-Adventurer and “soldier of Fortune Environment (1) Couldn’t pick a worse place (2) James had stagnant water which was breeding ground for mosquitoes which caused malaria Powhatan’s impact (1) Chief wanted them there (2) Wanted to trade with them (3) Never wanted them to become independent (4) If you got outside the fort you were killed by the indians (5) Explains why situation deteriorates as fast as it does (6) Cant use bathroom or bury dead outside Population (1) First 2 years pop hovered around 200 despite fact that ships came every few months (2) Dying faster than could get there (3) Without John Smith all would have died
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Winter 1609 (1) John Smith wounded so he left (2) Really cold, no food stored (3) Ate rats, cats, dogs, and dead bodies Giving it up (1) So bad that there were only 40 left and only 10 could get up and walk (2) Get survivors and go back to England 6. The turnaround Cross paths with 2 supply ships which was Highly unlikely Fate intervenes ships share supplies The ships turn around and go back to eat Brought in new leader Sir Thomas Dale He came to conclusion that he needed to turn this into military operation with structured day with military discipline End communal distribution of food, you eat based on how hard your worked System of rewards 7. John Rolfe’s Marriage fell in love with Pocahontas “the rue love story” she returns sentiment He asked for permission to marry her and the Company agreed quickly If they get married might produce an alliance It brings an alliance Colony is finally able to become independent
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course HY 203 taught by Professor Rothman during the Fall '07 term at Alabama.

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Jamestown and Massachusetts The Model Colonies - Jamestown...

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