The Constitution as a Problem Solver

The Constitution as a Problem Solver - The Constitution as...

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Unformatted text preview: The Constitution as a Problem Solver I. The Meeting 1. Why were they there? Summer 1787 and all states have sent representatives for a constitutional convention Telling people they are fixing the articles of confederation But Representatives know they are going to replace them 2. Who was there? Groups of people (1) National Political Figures (a) Famous throughout all the states (b) 2 that fit the build perfectly Benjamin Franklin & George Washington (c) What did they add? Not much but the lend legitimacy to this whole process (2) Senior Statesman of American Politics (a) These people have spent a lot of time in the Nation Gov. (b) Chief names- John Dickenson (3) Advocates for Their States (a) Whatever happens can happen as long as it doesnt hurt their state (4) Architects of Strong National Government (a) People who have seen the problems of the articles of confederation over the past 10 years (b) Concerned with created a strong national Gov. (c) Who? (i) James Madison considered to be the foremost expert on Republican Government, (ii) Alexander Hamilton from NY born in the Caribbean only been in America since a little before the Revolution, had been a member of Washingtons staff who was considered by Washington as a brilliant person. He also sees that we need a strong National Gov. (5) The Quiet People (a) Majority but dont say much or engage in the debates 3. Who wasnt? Thomas Jefferson-was in Paris following in love with French Culture and fell in love with one of his slaves (Sally Hemmings) John Adams-He was in England trying to negotiate a trade treaty Patrick Henry-didnt have a good reason not to be there, he was afraid they would create a National Government that had too much power 4. First things first Had to choose a leader-George Washington Next they all agreed they werent there to fix the Articles of Confederation but to make something new If you are going to get rid of them they dont need people to know so the meetings are secret, because of lobbyists Have to shut the windows and close the shudders and its hot! These physical conditions make them more willing to compromise II. The Compromises 1. The Great Compromise Smaller states came in arguing new National Gov. that states should be equally represented Larger states argue the opposite Come up with a brilliant idea had 2 branches of legislature (1) Senate- 2 per states (2) House of Representatives- portioned by stated For a law to be passed it must be approved by both branches Brings up another problem leads to next compromise 2. 3/5ths Compromise If House if based on population how do you count slaves North argues that they cant count them because they dont have them South has many slaves to they want to count them Come up with the famous 3/5ths Some people think that the constitutions defined Africans as 3/5ths of a person but it meant that for purpose of population they could count 3/5ths...
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The Constitution as a Problem Solver - The Constitution as...

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