The Road to Civil War

The Road to Civil War - The Road to Civil War I. Expansion...

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The Road to Civil War I. Expansion 1. “Manifest Destiny” Means that Americans were obsessed that God wanted them to spread from the Atlantic to the Pacific The idea is that God wants them to spread their democracy and the Protestant Christian Faith Don’t allow people to get in the way, and remove all in the path 2. Texas Ch. 17 pg. 249-259 Big chunk of territory is Texas Basically stole it from Mexico 3. Oregon Also pick up Oregon country through an agreement with the British Although there was no war the threat was there 4. Mexican War Get land known now as California, Arizona, New Mexico through a war with Mexico 5. “Mexico will Poison us” Americans across the board celebrated the victory against Mexico Some people were concerned that it would affect us in the future Meant that getting all this new land there would be the question of would there be slavery or not in these new territories? The fact they are having this debate is the first big root to the civil war II. Birth of the Republican Party 1. Wilmot Proviso and “Free Soil”
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Stood up in congress before the Mexican war was over make a suggestion (proviso), we know we are going to win this war , which will bring up the question will we allow slavery? Let’s just go ahead and pass legislation now that says we will not allow slavery out there This comes to be known as the free soil argument, can end it were it exist but can keep it from existing in new territories Not an abolitionist, so he wants to see these land used for economic benefit for millions of Americans, but if big slaveholders go out there no small family can economically compete with these slaveholders Wilmot makes it clear because he is not an abolitionist because you can touch it were it is 2. Calhoun and “Constitutional Protection” The most powerful person in the south in congress is John C. Calhoun from SC Chief person to argue against free soil, comes up with “Constitutional Protection” If Southerners move to that new territory the government has to protect their property, they might as well not take anything Argue that it should be protected not only where it’s at and wherever it’s taken Causes major uproar in congress 3. Popular Sovereignty Popular Sovereignty says congress doesn’t make this decision should be decided by the people , which seems like a great idea, but has some major problems Perfect way to put a band aid on this slavery argument 4. Election of 1848 Both parties avoid slavery and take stand on popular sovereignty This annoys some people, esp. people who embrace free soil ideology
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Decided to form their own party called the free soil party, when it starts its very small but it continues to get bigger and bigger and eventually becomes the core of the Republican Party 5. Compromise of 1850 Problems (1) Gold was found in California in 1849 and want to form a state that doesn’t allow slavery because people can’t compete with slaver, but
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The Road to Civil War - The Road to Civil War I. Expansion...

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