Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson and the 2nd 2-Party System...

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Andrew Jackson and the 2 nd 2-Party System I. Elections of 1824 and 1828 1. Era of Good Feelings? What is it? (1) During the war of 1812 the Jeffersonian Republicans became the Federalists party (2) Era where there were no political parties (3) In many ways it’s a shame because of slavery issue Missouri Compromise (1) When the war was over it was a lot safer to move out west and establish western states (2) As they are coming into the union they bring in 2 at a time slave and free states to keep an equal balance of power in congress (3) For the fear that slavery is made illegal or legal throughout the country (4) The problem occurs when Missouri applies for statehood as a slave state when there are no free states to come in (5) Cause a division between the north and south (6) Compromise : (a) Missouri will come in as a slave state (b) Got Massachusetts to give up claim on Maine and it will come in as free state (c) Draw a line across the 36 30 parallel and maintain that north of that line they will come as free states and south of the line they will come in slave as slave states (7) Becomes bigger political issue down the road 2. Increase in Democracy New states & suffrage
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(1) When the new states were coming in most of the new states where establishing universal white suffrage and remove land requirements (2) New States being established by people trying to get away from these old political control and establish a government that the people can control (3) In order to get elected you had to be able to appeal to the common man (4) Play a huge role in the election of 1824 3. Election of 1824 Candidates (top 3) (1) Representing the state of Massachusetts John Quincy Adams, very well qualified (2) Representing Kentucky, Henry Clay, very experience and Kentucky is still one of the older western states (3) Representing Tennessee Andrew Jackson who was not born into a rich aristocratic family, born into poverty, lived in a shack, studied law on his own in Nashville, self educated, joined Tennessee’s volunteer militia, given the command of the troops at New Orleans, Very famous in America because of his own hard work Results (1) Andrew Jackson wins the popular vote and also wins the electoral vote but in order to win a majority vote is needed, when this happens congress chooses the next president (2) Congress chose John Quincy Adams to be the next president (3) Obviously angered Jackson and the Common people (4) Andrew Jackson tapped into that anger and claim a corrupt bargain took place (can’t be proved and probably didn’t take place) 4. “corrupt Bargain Henry Clay who came in 3 rd was the speaker of the House who had a lot of power After Adams won he made Henry Clay secretary of state
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The common man have had their will subverted by these rich aristocratic people 5. Birth of the Democrat Party Began to build a group designed to hurt Adams presidency so that he isn’t
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Andrew Jackson - Andrew Jackson and the 2nd 2-Party System...

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