The Western Frontier

The Western Frontier - The Western Frontier I. Western...

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Unformatted text preview: The Western Frontier I. Western Migration 1. Prior to 1870 There were very few settlement s west of the Mississippi river Exceptions: California, Texas, Mormons in Utah 2. After 1870 The west is going to hit by three waves of pioneers (1) Miners (2) Ranchers (3) Farmers Manage to settle more land in 30 years than America had settled in the 230 years prior to then During the gilded age Americans settled over 4 million acres 3. Why the speed up? Railroad (1) More track (2) Transcontinental Pressures of Eastern Cities (1) Immigrants taking jobs, making cities huge and unsanitary The Indians (1) They are successfully being put on Reservations II. Three Waves of Migrants 1. The Miners Where? (1) Colorado, Nevada, Arizona, Black Hills of the Dakotas Methods (1) Low tech and low cost (2) Panning (3) Opportunity for the common man to find gold and silver (4) Minning camps form around strikes (5) Money to be made without looking for gold (a) Alcohol sales (b) Prostitution (c) Supplies (6) Famous for lawlessness Jumping your claim, very violent Typical Story (1) Randy Bowers (a) Struck rich in Nevada, Married his prostitute, Built huge house, Went on world tour, came home and hosted lavish parties every night, then the money ran out, and his wife left him to start all over again (b) Cycle which some people never found the gold at all Big Industry (1) Big companies will buy your claim from you at low prices and find gold with the use of hydraulic equipments (2) Most end up working for the big industry 2. Ranchers Ranching (1) Started in Texas because it is huge and has lots of public land which could be used by anyone to graze cattle on (2) Had very cheap start up cost (3) By cattle, feed them for free, then drive them to the railways to be sold Long Drives (1) Last about 2 to 3 months where the cowboys take the cattle to be sold (2) Usually paid around $30 a month Cowboys (1) Large amount around 20-25% of cowboys were African American (2) Wore bandanas to keep the dust out of their face (3) Only companions are guys (4) When they finally hit the cow towns they get paid...
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The Western Frontier - The Western Frontier I. Western...

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