Reconstruction

Reconstruction - Reconstruction; Failed Promise I. The...

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Unformatted text preview: Reconstruction; Failed Promise I. The Dilemmas of Reconstruction 1. Reconstructing what? The South after the Civil War, after returning to the union, but on what terms will they be allowed to come back into the union to gain representation in congress Civil war made this very difficult because it was a total war 2. The impact of total war War (1) The North wanted to keep it from going to Total War but eventually lead to a war not only on the Southern Army but also Southern Society Slavery over (1) Slavery had been destroyed by the total war which was ended by the emancipation proclamation and the 13 th amendment to the constitution Economy in shambles (1) Total war killed what little manufacturing base the south had was gone and destroyed by the burning of cities Bitterness (1) Southerners were very bitter against the North and the fact that the North had destroyed the economy and their economy (2) Makes reconstruction very difficult 3. The silence of the Constitution What terms? (1) Constitution was silent on the subject of bringing states back into the union (2) Basically became a debate between the sides because no set terms and process are defined in the constitution Who Controls? (1) The president argues that he should control this because he makes war and is commander and chief (2) Congress says no that they are the ones responsible for making sure the states are in charge of having a representative democracy 4. What about the freed slaves? Slaves (1) 4 million freed slaves after the civil war Land? (1) Will we give them land because they have no way to take care of themselves (2) Argument is made that the slaves are the ones who worked the land and made the south successful Suffrage? (1) Will we give them the right to Vote? Other rights? (1) Are they citizens?, does this give them all the rights listed in the constitution I I. Wartime Reconstruction 1. Lincolns Plan President Lincoln was the first to come up with a plan Plan said that we will pardon southerners who seek a pardon so that they are not guilty and can regain United States citizenship Leaders in the south and generals have to ask for special pardon and they will be granted on a case to case basis When we have 10% of a states pre-war population had taken an oath and got a pardon the state could hold election electing officials and rejoin the union Sets the numbers low to get the whole process going because most wont admit their wrong Made no mention of the question about African Americans 2. Wade-Davis Bill Congress didnt like Lincolns Plan with the Wade-Davis bill which the names are from the sponsors Congress said 10% was way too low and wanted to set the it at 50% , agreed that it would take a long time but if would provide a fairer representation Leaders of the confederacy had to take an ironclad oath- had to swear that they had never supported the confederacy Did make concessions for African Americans by saying that the new states...
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course HY 204 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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Reconstruction - Reconstruction; Failed Promise I. The...

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