Over There; America in W.W.I

Over There; America in W.W.I - Over There America in W.W.I...

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Over There; America in W.W.I I. Start of the War 1. Conditions in Europe Social Darwinism (1) European countries obsessed with this idea of becoming stronger and the weaker serves the stronger Colonies (1) Led to many countries colonizing areas again (2) Colonizing Africa and middle east making these countries stronger because they can extract resources which led to paranoia by other nations Alliances (1) Now with all the colonies the everyone starts to make alliances to secure themselves (2) Works if you get attacked they help you and if they get attacked you help them (3) Makes Europe into a dangerous “powder keg” The spark (1) Serbia had their eyes on Bosnia and that because it was more a like to Serbia than Austria it should belong to them (2) They send people in to encourage Bosnians to revolt and anti-Austrian Sentiment (3) In summer of 1914 the archduke was on a goodwill mission trying to solidify Bosnia in Austria when he was killed (4) Austria felt that Serbia was behind the attack so they declared war Alliance kick in (1) Now the alliances kick in
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(2) Serbia had an alliance with Russia who had an alliance with France (3) Austria had an alliance with Germany who had always feared the French and decide to preemptively strike France German attack (1) Germany went through Belgium to attack France and Belgium had an alliance with Britain Flanking (1) The French stop the German Flanks all the way from the English channel to the Mediterranean Trenches (1) 475 miles of trenches that spans the country Stalemate (1) They begin to go over the top 2. America’s Position When the war started America declared they would be neutral Wilson said we should neutral in word and deed which 3. War is good Business The problem with being neutral is the war is good business So industry will sell to anyone who will buy pumping everything countries needed to both sides but geographically speaking it was easier to get the stuff to England and France About 80% of trade goes to France and England 4. Submarines Germany began to use submarines as an effective weapon Begin to sink a lot of ships that were delivering thing to England and France
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5. Ships going down Both America and England came up with the idea to put them on passenger liners because they thought surely they wouldn’t be attacked The Germans figure this out and began to attack the passenger liners This created international response between Germany and the U.S. and things become incredibly tense then Germans decide to back down and not shoot anymore passenger liners 6. 1916 Elections Wilson ran for re-election on the platform that he kept us out of war He wins re-election barely Germans come to a faulty conclusion seeing this and thinking Americans are not behind their president
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