The Early Civil Rights Movement

The Early Civil Rights Movement - The Early Civil Rights...

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The Early Civil Rights Movement I. Pre-Civil Rights Era 1. What is segregation? By custom or by law North was segregation by custom Mandated in south 2. Reconstruction amendments 13 th ended slavery 14 th gave African American citizenship 15 th gave for all men 3. When the white governments gained back power they passed things to get around the 13 th by sharecropping, the 15 th by literacy test and poll taxes, and 14 th they said separate but equal 4. “Separate but Equal” Had to fight the law in the court In Louisiana in 1890 Homer Plessey refused to take a seat in the blacks only car which was right behind the engine car so he was arrested and taken to court This was rare because most were intimidated by lynching and made it to supreme court which ruled that law which mandate separate but equal facilities was constitutional this opened the door for Jim Crowe laws because they didn’t violate the constitution 5. Populism and Progressives Populism scared white southern democrats because this powerful movement of farmers had a huge impact with the candidate W. J. Bryan. Realized the problem that if white workers and blacks were united they would lose their rule. So they segregated them
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Progressive felt too much like reconstruction to the South so they progressives said Jim Crowe laws were progressive. 6. National Assoc. for the Advancement of Colored People Durning the hayday of fundamentalist and the modernists the NAACP gained funding which it used to train young black lawyers. 7. Black immigration Many African Americans left the south to go to the north and the west to get jobs during WWI and WWII. They gained back there right to vote. 8. Fair Employment Practices Act During WWII, A. Philip Randolph threatened a march on Washington to get fair employment which worked 9. WWII vets In both wars African Americans fought for their country fighting for their country When they came home they didn’t feel like submitting to these laws when they had liberated people from tyranny 10. Bankrupt the System? Plessey established separate but equal but that didn’t mean they were
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course HY 204 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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The Early Civil Rights Movement - The Early Civil Rights...

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