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Unformatted text preview: Everyone Doing Their Part For Victory; The American Home front In W.W.II I. Mobilization- turning economy for war 1. Deficit Spending & Taxes • Such a massive effort by all the people of America was required to win the war • In the late new deal FDR had basically given up the idea of keeping a budget to put money into the economy • When WWII the national deficit is going to skyrocket because of deficit spending ($240 Billion) • Taxes have to go up to cover this deficit. Government ties this to patriotism. 2. Civilian Government Jobs • Civil government jobs sky rocket to the point that there are 4 times more than ever before at the beginning and during the war which creates more jobs than there were in the great depression 3. War Production Board • The War Production Board is created as a government agency to oversee and encourage American businesses to produce things for war • Government doesn’t force it upon the business but encourages it by offering tax write-offs, guaranteed government contracts, and by tying this to patriotism because no business wants to be labeled as unpatriotic (the carrot and the stick) • This creates more jobs because more employees are required to make things for the war 4. The Draft and Volunteers • Immediately when the war started the U.S. instituted a draft in which males 18 or older would have to register • Had a lottery in which they would try to make it fun with celebrities • Just because your drafted doesn’t mean you are excepted, Over half were turned down because of health conditions or because they worked in a factory or were needed in the factory • African American men were drafted into the military and were segregated into different units which is ridiculous because they played a vital role in every American war since the birth of the country • They offered logistical support but by the end of the war they fought on the front lines most famously the Tuskegee Airmen • There is a large portion of the people are volunteering because you get to pick your service, many after pearl harbor • Men aren’t the only volunteers, some 350,000 women volunteer to serve in the military, but at this point in time they are not on the front lines but they are nursing, helping with communications • Some 25,000 Native Americans volunteer to serve. They used their language as code to provide plans. Our code was never broken 5. “Rosie the Riveter” •...
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This note was uploaded on 09/09/2009 for the course HY 204 taught by Professor Wormer during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.
- Spring '08