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March 27 - Energy What were the first alternative energy...

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Energy What were the first alternative energy sources? Changing fuel of choice Wood (1850)   Coal (1920)   Petroleum (Today) COAL - Clearly a fossil fuel abundant use began in the 12 th  century, later, turning  coal to coke “fired” the industrial revolution Origin: - Coal forms where pant debris accumulates o Plants   *PEAT   Coal Peat is not considered coal o With increasing carbon % o Lignite   Bituminous   Anthracite - World Coal Reserves o USA = 28% o USSR = 27% o China = 11% - Environmental Concerns? o You can’t mine it o You can’t burn it PETROLEUM - Drake’s well – 1859 - Oil seeps – since ancient times - Spindletop – 1901 - Saudi Arabia – 1938 Origin: - From buried organic material requires: o Mature source rock o Good reservoir rock o A trapping mechanism - Anticline - North Slope
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Texas Natural Resources              - Metals – not many found, but a lot are refined in Texas 
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