Psychology 365 Lecture 31 (April 8) posted

Psychology 365 Lecture 31 (April 8) posted - Outline...

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Outline Solving Problems (Chapter 14) Problem Solving Methods Analogies Expert Problem Solvers Insight Effects of Sleep Reading for today: Chapter 14 Reading for next lecture: Chapter 14
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1) Problem Solving as Search Initial state = starting point Goal state = end point (solution) Problem space = all of the states that can be reached in solving a problem Operators = tools for reaching end point Path constraints = factors that rule out certain solutions (e.g., resource limits) Problem Solving Methods
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2) Problem Solving Heuristics Hill climbing strategy – at every decision point, choose path that moves towards goal BUT, doesn’t always work (e.g., Tower of Hanoi) Problem Solving Methods
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2) Problem Solving Heuristics Means-end analysis – compare current state and goal state, break problem into subproblems Working backward – solve a problem by using the goal as the starting point Problem Solving Methods
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3) Pictures and Diagrams One morning at 6 am, a monk began climbing a tall mountain, which happened to only have one path to the top. He ascended the path at his leisure, taking some stops along the way. He reached the top at 8 pm. The next morning at 6 am, the monk descended the
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Psychology 365 Lecture 31 (April 8) posted - Outline...

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