Test 3 Practice Questions - Winter 2009 Psychology 365 Test...

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Winter 2009 Psychology 365 Test 3 Practice Questions 1. According to chronometric studies, information that is prominent in a mental image a. tends to concern aspects that are strongly associated with, or distinctive for, the imaged object. b. matches the pattern of information prominent in a description of the imaged object. c. corresponds well with the information that is prominent in an actual picture. d. is similar to the information prominent in other forms of mental representation. 2. Researchers have argued that visual images are created by a. activating large- scale “templates” in long -term memory. b. following “recipes” for the image construction, with the recipes drawn from image files in long-term memory. c. activating the relevant neurons on the retina. d. activating nodes within long-term memory that happen to be associated with sensory information. 3. In several studies, participants have been asked to estimate the frequency of occurrence for various causes of death. The evidence suggests that p articipants’ frequency estimates are strongly influenced by a. whether the cause of death was related to natural forces (e.g., lightning, tornado). b. how often the cause of death is discussed in the news media. c. whether the cause of death is associated with prolonged suffering. d. how well the cause of death fits with participants’ schematic knowledge. 4. Participants are told “Hospital A has an average of 45 births per day; Hospital B has an average of only 15 births per day.” The participants are then asked, “Which hospital is more likely to have a day in which at least 60 percent of the babies born are female?” In answering the question, participants a. seem insensitive to the fact that departures from the average case are more likely with a small sample. b. seem insensitive to the fact that departures from the average case are more likely with a larger sample.
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