psyc365_pqf - Chapter 10 2 rules allow us to generate a...

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Chapter 10 2. _____ rules allow us to generate a sentence's d-structure; ________ rules allow us to create a s-surface structure. a) phrase structure; movement 3. Categorical perception can explain: a) why we more easily detect differences between two phonemic categories than variations within a single category. 5. Identify the voiced labiodental phoneme: c) [v] 7. Which of the following is TRUE about language acquisition? a) The fact that children start saying "goed" although they already know the word "went" is easily understood in terms of rule learning. 9. The only difference between the [p] and the [t] phonemes is: a) place of articulation. 11. Brain damage producing a disruption in language is called: b) aphasia 13. The hierarchy of linguistic units, from smallest to largest, is: d) phonemes, morphemes, words, phrases 18. Patient A: "I. . . w-.w-.w-... went. . . um. . th." Patient B: "Then, the zoo did very wildly to him, and before all he then did again to her. It did too him and her and them and all from here." Patient A suffers from damage to ______ resulting in a _____ aphasia. Patient B suffers from damage to ________ resulting in a ____ aphasia. c) Broca's area, nonfluent; Wernicke's area, fluent 20. The structure that applies to the order in which the words were actually spoken is: c) surface structure. 24. Which of the following is a function morpheme? b) -s 25. Given current evidence, what is the most likely impact of one's language on one's thought? d) one's language impacts one's thought only indirectly by impacting memory and attention. Chapter 11
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1. Participants are first acquainted with a series of ambiguous pictures. After identifying the two possible interpretations in each picture, they are then asked to form a mental image of a new ambiguous picture. When asked to reinterpret their image, they ______. When asked to draw the image on paper and then reinterpret it, they ______. c) fail; succeed 3. Which of the following mental-image reinterpretations would be the EASIEST? c) The sought-after discovery is compatible with both the image's depiction and its reference frame. 4. Assuming all the following words have equal frequency in English, which word would show the LOWEST rate of retention? c) honor 5. Which of the following accurately represent the results of a chronometric study? a) The more distance one has to scan across in a mental image, the longer it takes. b) The more one has to zoom in on a mental image, the longer it takes. d) People are able to mentally rotate things in a three-dimensional plane. 8. Which would be the best aid for memory of a pair of items? b) An image of the items interacting. 9. In which mental-imaging experiment would "vivid imagers" outperform "nonimagers"? a) In a two-point acuity task, in which participants are asked to indicate when two dots in the center of their field of vision merge. 10. Pavio's dual-code hypothesis proposed that: a) there are two different kinds of memory: symbolic and image-based.
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