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OldExam3Fall04 - Psychology 315 Fall 2004 Exam 3 2 Which of...

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Psychology 315 Fall 2004 Exam 3 2. Which of the following pieces of evidence provides really good evidence that visual images actually are patterns of neural activity in visual perception areas of the brain? A) Evidence from PET scans about activity in the occipital lobe while imagining large vs. small size objects 3. Studies of image scanning indicate that: B) there is a linear function linking scanning distances and scanning times. 4. An “image file” refers to: D) descriptive information in long-term memory used as the basis for creating an active image. 5. What part of the brain do fMRI and PET experiments show is active during visual imagery? C) occipital lobe 7. If I ask you to decide whether a cat has ears, after you have formed an image of a cat, which of the following is true? B) You are fast if you have formed an image of the cat next to an ant 8. People generally say that San Diego is further west than Reno. This has been taken to mean that B) People's judgment of spatial position is contaminated by non-spatial information in long term memory 9. In memorizing new material (e.g., words with concrete referents), the pattern of “dual coding” refers to: C) steps that lead to both a verbal memory and a visual memory. 10. People who report vivid imagery, compared to people who do not, C) exhibit comparably fast mental rotation 11. In using the “representativeness heuristic,” participants: C) seem to assume that all instances of the category resemble the prototype or average for that category. Page 1
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13. Your lecturer suggested that some "framing effect" phenomena in decision-making can be explained by assuming that: B) subjective utility is an S-shaped function of objective value, with the smallest changes in subjective utility occurring at relatively small values of objective loss or gain 14. Which of the following is a normative principle that takes base rates into account in estimating conditional probabilities?
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