psych365-practise-test1

psych365-practise-test1 - Chapter 1: 1. Which of the...

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Chapter 1: 1. Which of the following is the least accurate statement about behaviorism? a) Behaviorism rejected introspection on the grounds that objectivity is of paramount importance in the study of psychology. b) Behaviorism is primarily designed to explain why organisms believe their behavior is justified or reasonable. c) By focusing on the stimuli an organism is exposed to (the "input") and the responses an organism produces (the "output"), and observing how these change over time, behaviorism can catalogue an individual's learning history. d) Behaviorism claims that behaviors are often best explained by the presence or absence of reinforcement or punishments. 2. In Experiment A, Ann is required to repeat the word "Ack" over and over while solving simple arithmetic problems (e.g., 12 + 9 = ?). In Experiment B, Ann is required to repeat the word "Ack" while remembering a sequence of 7 letters. Which of the following results would you NOT expect to find ? a) Ann finds it easier to solve arithmetic problems in these experiments than to remember the letters. b) If Ann changes the repetition so that she instead says, "HA" over and over, she no longer confuses letters that sound alike in Experiment B. c) During recall in Experiment B, Ann confuses letters that sound alike. d) If Ann did the two experiments without repeating the word "Ack," she would no longer find Experiment A to be easier than Experiment B. 3. Modern psychologists follow the lead of Immanuel Kant in arguing that the solution to the impasse between introspectionism and behaviorism lies in a method in which we begin with ________ and then proceed to _______: a) animal models; human models b) internal causes; likely behavioral outcomes c) observable facts; likely internal causes d) the computer as a metaphor; the human mind 4. Which of the following pieces of evidence would NOT be consistent with claims about the articulatory rehearsal loop? a) In working-memory tasks, when people hear "F" spoken, they sometimes remember "S" instead. b) In working-memory tasks, when people see the letter "F," they sometimes remember "S" instead. c) When people are asked to repeat a nonsense-syllable over and over while trying to memorize a string of letters, their ability to memorize the letters decreases.
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d) When people are asked to repeat a nonsense-syllable over and over while trying to memorize a sequence of abstract shapes, their ability to memorize the shapes decreases. 5. What is the most precise explanation for why many aspects of psychology (and most of cognitive psychology) rely on inferential methods? a) Language processing requires the ability to draw inferences. b) It is hard to know why the behavior of a particular individual changes. c) Psychology is an inaccurate science.
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2009 for the course PSYCH 365 taught by Professor Penny during the Fall '09 term at University of Calgary.

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psych365-practise-test1 - Chapter 1: 1. Which of the...

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