{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

word-08-5 - In a Word Conce pts The Mental Lexicon Weall...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In a Word Concepts
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Mental Lexicon We all have a mental lexicon which includes the words in our language. That is where we go to retrieve the meaning of sounds which we think might be words in our native language. The 6 million dollar question is, of course, how is that mental lexicon organized in the brain.
Background image of page 2
What are words? On the most rudimentary level, words are pairings of sound and meaning. The sound comes from the phonology of the language and is a label for the meaning The meaning component is a concept of some sort that the label evokes
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SO: Concepts provide the meaning part for (non-function) words. Names/sounds provide the label part . Studying the organization of the conceptual mental lexicon requires that we understand what concepts are, and how they are stored in themind.
Background image of page 4
What are concepts?
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Two Separate Questions: What are concepts ? What is the relationship between words and concepts ?
Background image of page 6
Do concepts underlie all words we have in the language? Jabberwocky
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Do the words in Jabberwocky all correspond to concepts ? Some of them are possible, but non- occurring words in English ( brillig, slithy, toves ) Others are words (or morphemes) in English, but do they correspond to concepts? ( t’was…and the … (N) s, did, in )
Background image of page 8
Some words correspond to concepts (LOVE, TABLE, ANACRHONISM) Other words/morphemes do grammatical work ( plural, conjunction, past, articles ). Grammatical work is not meaningless ( the cat is different than a cat ), but the words, or word parts, that do it do not correspond to concepts in the same sense. We call these words/morphemes function words (or function morphemes) So, there is a functional lexicon and a conceptual lexicon . The functional lexicon consists of words which have grammatical meaning, but are not concepts. The conceptual lexicon consists of concepts and the sounds, or names, that mark them. when we use UPPER CASE werefer to theCONCEPT component of the word
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In Jabberwocky, the conceptual lexicon is not in use But the functional lexicon is Whatever meaning weget from Jabberwocky is through the meaning and the function of the functional lexicon
Background image of page 10
Concepts are properties of types In life, what we encounter are tokens
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}