word-08-8

Word-08-8 - In a Word The Wonderful World of Words Parts of Speech and other Finer Distinctions II Problem I What is a noun What is a verb What is

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In a Word The Wonderful World of Words Parts of Speech and other Finer Distinctions II September 18, 2008
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Problem I: What is a noun? What is a verb? What is an adjective? What is a preposition?
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sleep expresses an action (or a state) and therefore it is a verb. asleep describes a thing and therefore it is an adjective… Mmmmmh. ... is sleeping and being sleep so different?
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Problem II: What part of speech is cat ? What part of speech is dog ? What part of speech is floor ? What part of speech is table ? What part of speech is chair ? What part of speech is pen ? What part of speech is pencil ?
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What part of speech is window ?
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What part of speech is kiss ? What part of speech is stand ? What part of speech is walk ?
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What part of speech is think ? Can we verb any noun? Can we noun every verb?
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Here are some fixed things: What part of speech is every ? What part of speech is the ? What part of speech is will (as in will go tomorrow ) ? What part of speech is very ? What part of speech are he, she, us, this, that, etc.? Are these flexible?
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What kind of words are every, the, this, each, very, will etc.? Do they correspond to concepts ?
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The Substantive (conceptual) Lexicon Includes words (types) which corresponds to concepts (according to some key which we already discussed) It is constantly growing as new words – concepts (types) come into existence ( e-mail, rap, microwave, network, esemes, internet, etc.). It is very flexible – words within it are often both nouns and verbs ( to e-mail, to esemes, to microwave, to rap, to network, to internet )
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The Functional Lexicon The Functional Lexicon includes words (types) that do not correspond to concepts, but to grammatical objects ( which is not to say that they do not have meaning – only that the meaning cannot be described as a concept).
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2009 for the course LING 110Lg taught by Professor Borer during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Word-08-8 - In a Word The Wonderful World of Words Parts of Speech and other Finer Distinctions II Problem I What is a noun What is a verb What is

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