word-08-9

word-08-9 - In a Word The Wonderful World of Words...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–19. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In a Word The Wonderful World of Words Morphology 1 September 23, 2008
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Do not forget: Mini Assignment due Thursday, September 25, at THE BEGINNING OF CLASS!
Background image of page 2
Morphology assignment Is now available on Blackboard. Due: September 30 at the beginning of class.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Word Structure -ize gives us verbs -ation gives us nouns -al gives us adjectives (is that always true? Consider arrival ) -ness gives us nouns -ly gives us adverbs (is that always true?)
Background image of page 4
So - Let us assume that: -ize is a verb -ation is a noun -al is an adjective (at least sometimes) -ly is an adverb (at least sometimes) etc., etc.
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
We give Words Structure by Building Word Trees
Background image of page 6
Constraints on Word Formation: Word structures are binary (they have only two branches ): OK
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
How to build morphological trees: Always start from the stem: The stem is the morpheme that is substantive (conceptual) and which does not have an obvious category in isolation
Background image of page 8
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Ion iz ation [ N [ V [ ion] ize] ation ]
Background image of page 10
Structures for: Organ-iz-ation-al Multi-na-tion-al Un-god-li-ness Anti-dis-establish-ment-ar-ian-ism Question: how do we know what affix attaches to what structure?
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- ation attaches to verbs and returns nouns - ation does not attach to nouns ion(N) ize (V) ation (N)
Background image of page 12
- al attaches to nouns and returns adjectives A transform (V) ation (N) al
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Some More English Suffixes: Suffix Change Example -ian -ic -ize(1) -less -ous -ity -ize(2) -ly -ness N A N A N V N A N A A N A V A Adv A N Canad-ian, vegetar-ian cub-ic, organ-ic hospital-ize, liquid-ize penni-less, job-less vigor-ous, poison-ous Stupid-ity, national-ity modern-ize quiet-ly, peaceful-ly happi-ness, godli-ness
Background image of page 14
Word Structure: organ-iz-ation-al-ly trans-form-ation-al-ize establish-ment-ar-ian-ism *trans-form-ize-al-ation *god-ness-ly etc., etc., etc…
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Some English Prefixes: Prefix Change Example ex- in- un-(1) un-(2) re- N N A A A A V V V V ex-president , ex-husband in-human, in-competent un-able, un-kind un-lock, un-do re-think, re-direct
Background image of page 16
A A ly (A) un ness (N) N [ [ un [ [ god ] ly ] ]ness ]
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
How are Suffixes
Background image of page 18
Image of page 19
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 40

word-08-9 - In a Word The Wonderful World of Words...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 19. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online