word-08-21A-review

word-08-21A-review - Review Presentation IN A WORD WHAT ARE...

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IN A WORD Review Presentation
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WHAT ARE SYLLABLES? HOW DO WE KNOW THEY ARE ‘REAL’? where by ‘real’, we mean that the brain uses them as a computation unit to process language WHAT DO WORD GAMES, PUNS, AND POETRY METERS TELL US ABOUT SYLLABLE STRUCTURE?
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BENGALI PIG LATINS : Cibocisa : add a syllable / ci / before each syllable in the word. biskut 'biscuit' ci bi ci skut bisri 'ugly' ci bi ci sri Key evidence for: Syllables
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bi      skut word   ci bi   ci skut
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PIG LATIN Key evidence for: ONSET pig ig p ay piglet iglet p ay answer answer            ay program ogram pr ay spring ing spr ay
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p pr (gram) spr (swer) syllable onset rhyme
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rhyme nucleus coda
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SFAT HA-BET (Hebrew) : Insert b+V after every vowel where V duplicates the original vowel A ba n i bi r o bo c a ba l a ba l e be x e be t Ani roca lalexet (I want to go) Key evidence for: Coda
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c o po m e pe r   c o m e        r   insert a new syllable consisting of the same nucleus and a new, fixed, onset , between the nucleus and the coda
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rhyme nucleus coda o e r o    po e    pe
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( Onset) Rhyme SYLLABLE  t   r Nucleus     (Coda) e       n   d
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RHYMING You are old, father William," the young man said "And your hair has become very white And yet you incessantly stand on your head Do you think, at your age, it is right? said- head white - right
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rhyme nucleus coda ε ay t
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You are old, father William," the vicar was told "And your hair has become very white And yet you incessantly stand on your head Do you think, at your age, it is correct ? Is this a good rhyme? The codas are the same ( d,t ), but the nuclei are not!
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house-mouse , good or bad rhyme ? a shout I heard around the house the cat, it seems, has grabbed a mouse BUT: a shout I heard around the green house the cat, it seems has grabbed a mouse
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a shout I heard around the grèen house the cat, it seems has grabbed a mòuse a noise, again, the hóuse cat had found himself a móuse head Note on notation: ó: main stress ò: secondary stress Sorry for the confusion…
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rhyme nucleus (coda) +stress  
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syll 1 syll 2 word onset          rhyme   onset     rhyme nucleus coda nucleus coda +stress
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the nucleus is the head of the rhyme the rhyme is the head of the syllable the stressed syllable is the head of the word
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METER - Y o u a re old , f a th e r Wil li a m," th e young m a n said 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 # " A nd y ou r hair h a s b e come v e ry white; 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 # A nd yet y ou i n cess a ntl y stand o n y ou r head 1 # 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 2 # D o y ou think , a t y ou r age , i t i s right? 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 2 #
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ANAPEST nucleus 1; nucleus 2; stressed nucleus Y o u a re old , p a Wil li a m," th e young m a n s ai d 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 2 # 1 (t o d a y) 2 #
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'Tw a s bri ll i g, and th e sli th y toves (#x4) 1 # 1 # 1 # 1 # D i d gyre a nd gim bl e in th e wabe; ( #x4) 1 # 1 # 1 # 1 # A ll mim s y were th e bo r o goves, (#x4) 1 # 1 # 1 # 1 # A nd th e mome r a ths o u t grabe . (#x4) 1 2 # 1 # 1 # "B e ware th e Jab b e r wock , m y son ! (#x4) Th e jaws th a t bite , th e claws th a t catch ! (#x4) B e ware th e Jub
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2009 for the course LING 110Lg taught by Professor Borer during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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word-08-21A-review - Review Presentation IN A WORD WHAT ARE...

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