final-review-08 - Ling 110Lg: In a Word Fall 2008 Final...

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Ling 110Lg: In a Word Fall 2008 Final Review Note The final exam covers phonetics, phonology, acquisition, language and the brain, and sociolinguistics. A. What you are expected to know: a. Everything in the Powerpoint presentations (posted on Blackboard) with the exception of the acquisition of binding and the acquisition of distributive reading (‘every’). b. Everything we talked about in class c. Everything in the readings d. Everything in the films we saw e. Material in Professor Dani Byrd's guest lecture (posted on Blackboard) f. Material in Ms. Emily Nava’s guest lecture (posted on Blackboard) g. Everything covered in discussions and labs B. You are expected to know what the following terms and descriptions mean, including exemplification, where relevant. 1. Phonetics and Phonology and the Phonology-Morphology Interaction 1.1. The relations between the acoustic signal and its perception The problem of lack of segmentability The problem of lack of invariance Properties of speech sound waves 1.2. What word games tell us about syllable structure 1.3. The structure of syllables 1.3.1. Onset and its properties 1.3.2 Rhyme and its properties 1.3.3 Coda and its properties 1.4 What poetry tells us about syllables and stress 1.4.1. What good and bad poetry rhymes tell us about stress and syllables 1.4.2. What meter tells us about syllables and stress iambic meter and two beat meters anapest meter and three beat meters 1.5. The difference between spelling and sound 2. First Language acquisition (acquisition by children) 2.1 Phonology 2.1.1. babbling
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Ling 100Lg: In a Word Final Review Note 2.1.2. Perception of the onset of voicing in infants 2.1.3. Production vs. comprehension in the early language (the fis phenomena) 2.1.4. The acquisition of sign by deaf children: comparison with hearing children 2.2. Word meaning 2.2.1. Rate of learning vs. accuracy of learning 2.2.2. The labeling task and the packaging task; network building 2.2.3. Overgeneralizations: The U shape curve of acquisition The recovery from overgeneralization The role, frequency and effectiveness of corrections The problem of acquisition in the absence of negative evidence Other types of overgeneralizations: verb classes (from Bowerman and Clark in the readings; from class presentations). 2.3. The acquisition of syntax 2.3.1. The puzzle: How is an infinite number of new sentences produced and comprehended? The problems with analogy Competence vs. performance The poverty of the stimuli problem (also known as Plato's problem) Universal grammar and the innateness hypothesis 2.3.2. Universal grammar vs. language variation: what is universal, what needs to be learned? 2.4 Material covered by the film we watched on language acquisition 3. Second Language Acquisition and bilingualism (from Ms. Nava’s lecture) 3.1. Second Language Acquisition (the acquisition of a non-native language by adults) 3.1.1. Differences between the acquisition of second language and first language 3.1.2. Similarities between the acquisition of second language and first language
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2009 for the course LING 110Lg taught by Professor Borer during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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final-review-08 - Ling 110Lg: In a Word Fall 2008 Final...

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