Arh252TermsCh1-3 - Terms: Chapter 1: Paleolithic Period Old...

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Terms: Chapter 1: Paleolithic Period – Old stone age Composition – the way an artist arranges form in an artwork Medium – material in which artists work with Sculpture in the round/freestanding sculpture - Burin – engraving tool Incise – to cut Relief – images projecting out of surfaces they are on Mural – painting on a wall Twisted perspective – method of rep when a figure is shown front and profile Radiocarbon dating – method of measuring the decay rate of carbon isotopes in organic matter in order to determine the age of the material Mesolithic Period - Transition, middle stone age Neolithic Period – new Stone Age period, architecture comes about for the first time and is created because of agriculture (which led to towns) Composite view - profile view; twisted around Optical – what you see from a fixed viewpoint Megalith (adj., megalithic) – great stone; a large roughly cut stone used in the construction of monumental prehistoric structures (like Stonehenge) Monolith – a large single block of stone Henge / cromlech – circular arrangement of monoliths Post - and - lintel system – system of construction in which 2 posts support a lintle. Lintel – a horizontal beam used to span an opening Trilithon – 3 stone construction commonly found in megalithic structures Chapter 2 City - state – independent self governing city Pictograph – small picture that stands for a word Stylus –instrument used to make pictographs Cuneiform –wedge-shaped; the system of writing developed by Sumarians by Pictographs - pictorial representation of an object Low relief – when an image projects only slightly from the background Register –band or level, helps organize composition Ground line – ends a register; where all figures stant (rest) Votive offering - object left in a sacred place for ritual purposes Hierarchy of scale – when an important figure is shown as much larger than other figures in a piece of work Lapis Lazuli – blue precious stone used for carving and a source for pigment Heraldic composition – symmetrical on either side of a central figure Stele – hard stone slab; used to mark graves, or to commemorate historical events Ziggurat – monumental platform for a temple Foreshortening – device used by an artist to suggest illusion of depth
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Lamassu – Asyriam guardian that takes form of a man headed bull with wings High relief – stands out substantially from the surface plane Glaze – coating that’s applied to pottery used as a seal and as decoration Glazed brick – bricks painted then kilm fired to fuse the color to the surface Chapter 3 Palette – A slate slab used in the preparation of makeup Hieroglyphics – writing system making use of pictures Demotic –later form of Egyptian writing Papyrus – plant native to Egypt used to make a paper like writing material Ka – immortal life force; inhabited body and lived on after death Mummification – technique used by the Anchient Egyptians to preserve body and
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This note was uploaded on 09/10/2009 for the course ARH 252 taught by Professor Andreataylor during the Spring '08 term at Alabama.

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Arh252TermsCh1-3 - Terms: Chapter 1: Paleolithic Period Old...

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