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test3 - Ch 5 Contrapposto shows potential for movement...

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Ch. 5 Contrapposto – shows potential for movement indicating life Casting - manufacturing process by which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape Lost-Wax Process - is the process by which a bronze or brass is cast from an artist 's sculpture ; Cire Perdue - sculptural process of metal casting that may be used for hollow and solid casting Symmetria - for sculpture of the human figure a dynamic counterbalance Chryselephantine - type of figural sculpture in which the flesh was made of ivory and the drapery of gold +priscellafantine – made of gold and ivory +panathenaic – event held in Athens every 4 years Amazonomachy – legendary battle between amazons and greeks Triglyph – triple projecting element found between the metopes in a doric frieze Metope – panels found between triglyphs in a doric frieze Volute – scroll like design typical of ionic order capitals Mosaic – patterns or pictures that are created by embedding tiny pieces of glass or stone onto a surface Tesserae – Greek means cubes, small pieces of glass or stone onto a surface Hellenes – name of the ancient Greeks used to refer to themselves Hellenistic - roman conquest of Egypt Torque – Greek band worn by the Gaulls Ch. 6 Terracotta – hard baked clay used for sculpture and architecture Tuscan Column – the typical Etruscan column similar to the Greek Doric column but there are 3 main differences: 1. bases, 2. un-fluted, 3. made of wood Tumulus – a burial mound constructed over a series of underground burial chambers Ch. 7 Senate – Latin for a council of elders; legislative body in Roman constitutional government Patrician – a Roman free born land owner Plebian – Roman social class; characterized by small farmers, merchants, and free slaves Pseudoperipteral – series of engages columns found all around the cella to give the appearance of a peripheral column Revetment – a wall covering or facing Domus – means Roman house Atrium – reference to the court of a Roman house and it is partly open to the sky Imperator - "commander in chief" Pontifex Maximus - chief priest"; the high priest of the Roman state religion, often the emperor himself Cuirass - a military breastplate Forum - the public square of an ancient Roman city Corinthian Capital - a more ornate form than Doric or Ionic; consists of a double row of acanthus leaves from which tendrils and flowers grow; this style of capital is used in the Ionic order Voussoir – wedge shaped blocks of stone used in the construction of a true arch Keystone – central stone used in the construction of an arch; sets the arch Arcade – a series or row or successive arches Amphitheater – Greek word meaning “double theater”; refers to a roman building type resembling two Greek theaters put together Cavea – Latin meaning “Hollow Place/cavity” refers to the seating area
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Arena – Latin means “sand”; the stage; all action goes on
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