Week 4 - Matthew Nelson Stanford, C., J.S. Allen, et al....

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Matthew Nelson Stanford, C., J.S. Allen, et al. (2006). Biological Anthropology: The Natural History of Humankind. Upper Saddle River, Pearson Education Inc. Genetic Inheritance Part II: Mechanisms of Evolution (40 - 161) Chapter 3: Genetics: Cells and Molecules (41 - 71) Chapter 4: Genetics: From Genotype to Phenotype (73 - 98) “The basic building block of life is the cell” (45). 3 Things that DNA must be able to do: 1. Replicate 2. Ability to make proteins 3. Translate information (48) Crossing over and recombination are important factors in genetic inheritance (61). Crossing Over: “ Exchange of genetic material between homologous chromosomes during first phase of meiosis; mechanism for recombination.” Recombination: “ The rearrangement of genes on homologous chromosomes that occurs during crossing over in meiosis. Source of variation arising out of sexual reproduction; important for increasing rates of natural selection.” Particulate Inheritance was illustrated by Mendel’s experiments with pea plants. “It is
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Week 4 - Matthew Nelson Stanford, C., J.S. Allen, et al....

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