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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Strange New World Power and Systems...

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Chapter 1 Strange New World: Power and Systems in Transition Professor S. Hafezi International Relations and Power IR depends a lot on power: Ability of one state to get another state to do its bidding, i.e., to do or not to do something. IR System: The way power is distributed around the globe The rules of the game for a certain period System: Interaction of many components A change in one component of a system will bring about corresponding changes in other components of the system The crux of systems thinking: Interaction. Twentieth Century: Four IR Systems 1. The pre-WWI balance-of-power system of European empires A rather stable world. Two ages of balance of power The Pre-WWI Balance of Power A. First great age: Began with end of Thirty Years War, mostly fought in Germany, between Catholics and Protestants during Protestant Reformation Was settled in 1648 with Peace of Westphalia: Made sovereignty the norm Europe was divided into North and South B. Second great age: Began with final defeat of Napoleon in 1814 at battle of Waterloo (spent rest of his life on barren island of Saint Helena off cost of West Africa) The Pre-WWI Balance of Power Balance-of-power stability was upset by two new dissatisfied international players: Japan Germany The Pre-WWI Balance of Power
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Substantial growth in Japan’s power began following Meiji Restoration (1868) The Pre-WWI Balance of Power Germany’s growing power began following first unification in 1871 when principalities joined to get first modern state—the Second Reich—under Bismarck, with king of Prussia as Kaiser (emperor)
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