9&10Fluid & Electrolyte Balance

9&10Fluid - I Nutrients involved in fluid and electrolyte balance A Micronutrients 1 Vitamins a Fat soluble A,D,E,K b Water Soluble 1

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I. Nutrients involved in fluid and electrolyte balance A. Micronutrients 1. Vitamins a. Fat soluble – A,D,E,K b. Water Soluble 1) Vitamin C, 8 B vitamins 2. Minerals a. Major – sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorous,  magnesium, sulfur b. Trace – iron, copper, zinc, fluoride, selenium, iodine,  molybdenum, chromium, manganese 3. Functions a. Fluid and Electrolyte balance b. Antioxidant function c. Bone health d. Energy metabolism and blood health B. Body Fluid 1. Intracellular 2. Extracellular – tissue/interstitial fluid, plasma 3. Composed of water and dissolved substances – electrolytes: form  ions when dissolved in water (Ca+ (stimulates muscle contraction), Na+,  K+, Cl-, Phosphorous) 4. Function a. Dissolves and transports substances
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b. Accounts for blood volume c. Temperature maintenance d. Protects and lubricates tissues 5. How do electrolytes regulate fluid balance? a. Osmosis 1) Semi-permeable cell membrane 2) Solute/solvents 6. How do electrolytes facilitate nerve signals? a.
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This note was uploaded on 09/11/2009 for the course BIO 121 taught by Professor Quinlan during the Fall '07 term at Drexel.

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9&10Fluid - I Nutrients involved in fluid and electrolyte balance A Micronutrients 1 Vitamins a Fat soluble A,D,E,K b Water Soluble 1

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