2Food Guide Pyramid and Nutrtition Labels

2Food Guide Pyramid and Nutrtition Labels - 11/2/07 I....

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11/2/07 I. Designing a Healthful Diet A. A Healthful diet 1. Provides the proper combination of energy and nutrients; 4 characteristics i. Adequate – provides enough of the energy, nutrients, and fiber to maintain a person’s health ii. Moderate – eating the right amount of foods to maintain a healthy weight and to optimize our bodies’ metabolic processes iii. Balanced – combines the combinations of foods that provide the proper balance of nutrients iv. Varied – eating a lot of different foods each day B. Dietary Guidelines for Americans 1. Adequate nutrients within calorie needs 2. Weight management 3. Physical activity 4. Food groups to encourage i. Fruits and vegetables ii. Whole grains iii. Fat free milk/equivalents C. Fats
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1. <10% calories from saturated fats 2. <300mg cholesterol 3. Limit/eliminate Trans fats 4. 30% calories from fat D. Carbohydrates 1. Choose whole grains 2. Limit sugar and starch E. Sodium and Potassium 1. <2,300 mg sodium per day 2. High amounts of sodium can lead to loss of calcium from bones
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2Food Guide Pyramid and Nutrtition Labels - 11/2/07 I....

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