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Unit 1 Colonialism - Chapter 1 Columbus 1446?1506 Italian...

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Chapter 1 Columbus - 1446?–1506, Italian navigator in Spanish service: traditionally considered the discoverer of America 1492. Sailed from Palos, Spain, with three small ships, the Santa María, commanded by Columbus himself, the Pinta under Martín Pinzón, and the Niña under Vicente Yáñez Pinzón, landed in the Bahamas Marco Polo - Venetian traveler who explored Asia from 1271 to 1295. His Travels of Marco Polo was the only account of the Far East available to Europeans until the 17th century. Ponce de Leon - c1460–1521, Spanish explorer first Westerner to reach Florida. Ponce de León named the land (which he claimed for Spain) La Florida Hernan de Soto - c.1500—1542, Spanish explorer After serving under Pedrarias in Central America and under Francisco Pizarro in Peru, the dashing young conquistador was made governor of Cuba by Emperor Charles V, with the right to conquer Florida Montezuma - 1480?—1520, Aztec emperor (c.1502—1520). He is sometimes called Montezuma II to distinguish him from Montezuma I (ruled 1440—69), who carried on conquests around Tenochtitlan. His reign was marked by incessant warfare, and his despotic rule caused grave unrest. Robert de la Salle - 1643—87, French explorer in North America, one of the most celebrated explorers and builders of New France. Cartier, Jacques - 1491—1557, French navigator, first explorer of the Gulf of St. Lawrence and discoverer of the St. Lawrence River. He made three voyages to the region, the first two (1534, 1535—36) directly at the command of King Francis I and the third (1541—42) under the sieur de Roberval in a colonization scheme that failed. Verrazano, Giovanni de - c.1480—1527? Italian navigator and explorer, in the service of France, possibly the first European to enter New York Bay. Isabella of Castile - 1451—1504, Spanish queen of Castile and León (1474—1504), daughter of John II of Castile. In 1469 she married Ferdinand of Aragón (later King Ferdinand II of Aragón and Ferdinand V of Castile) Quetzalcoatl - feathered serpent, ancient deity and legendary ruler of the Toltec in Mexico. god of civilization, Cortes, Hernando was seen as Quetzalcoatl Hiawatha - c.1550, legendary chief of the Onondaga of North America. He is credited with founding the Iroquois Confederacy. He is the hero of the well-known poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Vasco de Gama - c.1469—1524, Portuguese navigator, the first European to journey by sea to India. His epochal voyage (1497—99) was made at the order of Manuel I. With four vessels, he rounded the Cape of Good Hope
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Magellan - c.1480—1521, Portuguese navigator who sailed for Portugal and Spain. Born of a noble family, he was reared as a page in the royal household. He served (1505—12) in Portuguese India under Francisco Cortes, Hernando - 1485—1547, Spanish conquistador, conqueror of Mexico, Aztec, seen as god, Quetzalcoatl Pizzaro, Francisco - defeated Incas in Peru in 1532 and added a huge hoard of booty to Spanish coffers, conqueror Henry Hudson - 1607—11, English navigator and explorer. He was hired (1607) by the English Muscovy Company to find the Northeast Passage to Asia. He failed, and another attempt (1608) to find a new route was also fruitless.
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