Chap. 15 1. Explain Transcendentalism. began as a protest against the general state of culture and society. Their beliefs were an ideal spiritual state that ‘transcends’ the physical and empirical and is only realized through the individual’s intuition, rather that through the doctrines of established religions 12. What major changes in American religion occurred in the early nineteenth century, and how did they reflect the spirit of American democracy and liberty? The 2 nd Great Awakening occurred. 3. What do you find the single most worthwhile reform movement of the early nineteenth century? Why? Public education reform. Its goals were a more relevant curriculum and more accessible education. Chap. 16 1. Detail the various attempts and failures of compromises between 1820-1861 in an effort to prevent civil war. Compromise of 1820 was an agreement passed between the pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the US. It prohibited slavery for all new states north of the the border of the Arkansas territory. This separation contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War because of the inflaming antislavery sentiment in the North. The Compromise of 1850, postponed the civil war, which the Northwest was grew more wealthy and more populous, and was brought into closer
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