UNIT 3 final - Chap. 15 Ralph Waldo Emerson- American...

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Chap. 15 Ralph Waldo Emerson - American author, poet, and philosopher. Expressed the philosophy of Transcendentalism in his essay “Nature” Walt Whitman - An American Romantic poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. His political views generally reflected 19-th century liberalism. After the battle of Fredericksburg he became an unofficial nurse in several army hospitals in and around the city Second Great Awakening - 2 nd great religious revival in US history. It strengthened the Methodists and Baptists and introed into America a new form of religious expression. The great revival quickly spread throughout Kentucky, Tennessee and southern Ohio Henry David Thoreau - An American author, naturalistm transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher. A lifelong abolitionist. His ideas influenced the development of anarchism. Transcendentalists - A group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture and philosophy that emerged in NewEnglnd region of USA in early-mid 19 th cent. It became a coherent movement with the founding of the Transcendental Club in Cambridge. Abolitionists- was a political movement that sought to abolish the practice of slavery and the worldwide slave trade. Began during peiod of Enlightenment and grew in several nations. The Abolitionist Movement set in motion actions in every State to abolish slavery. Edgar Allen Poe- American poet, short story writer, editor, critic and 1 of the leaders of American Romantic Movement. He is credited with contributing to the emergent science fiction genre. Joseph Smith- Elizabeth Cady Stanton- social activist and a leading figure of the early womens movement. An active abolionist. James Fennimore Cooper- Popular American writer of early 19 th century. He’s remember as a novelist who wrote numerous sea-stories and historical romances. Explain Transcendentalism - began as a protest against the general state of culture and society. Their beliefs were an ideal spiritual state that ‘transcends’ the physical and empirical and is only realized through the individual’s intuition, rather that through the doctrines of established religions 1. What major changes in American religion occurred in the early nineteenth century, and how did they reflect the spirit of
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This note was uploaded on 09/12/2009 for the course HISTORY 39003 taught by Professor Norena during the Fall '09 term at Berkeley.

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UNIT 3 final - Chap. 15 Ralph Waldo Emerson- American...

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