MCB3209Ch2StudyGuide - MCB 32 F09 Chapter 2: Important...

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1 MCB 32 F09 Chapter 2: Important Molecules in Physiology Study Guide Define: Water – covalent and hydrogen bonds; polar vs. nonpolar molecules; cations, anions, extracellular and intracellular, concentration and electroneutrality; acids, bases, pH; monosaccharides and polysaccharides, dehydration synthesis and hydrolytic breakdown; amino acids, peptides, peptide bond and proteins, synthesis and degradation; primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure of proteins; fatty acids, glycerol, fats, phospholipids, cholesterol; nucleic acids, DNA and RNA ; hydrophilic and hydrophobic. Differentiate : structures of sugars, mono-, di- and polysaccharides, amino acids, proteins, fats, lipids, phospholipids, nucleic acids, RNA and DNA; covalent bond and hydrogen bond in terms of how they are formed and how they are used in biology, e.g., in water, DNA and proteins 1. The bond between O and H in a single water molecule is a. hydrogen bond b. polar covalent bond c. nonpolar covalent bond
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This note was uploaded on 09/13/2009 for the course MCB 57703 taught by Professor Machen during the Fall '08 term at University of California, Berkeley.

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