index - Index A Acetals of: Carbohydrates 6,...

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Unformatted text preview: Index A Acetals of: Carbohydrates 6, Aldehydes/ketones 8 Acetoacetic Ester: Carbonyl a~Substitution 8 Acid Anhydrides: Acid Anhydrides 1 Activating Groups: Benzenes 7 Acyl Derivatives: Acyl Derivatives 1 Acyl Halides: Acyl Halides 1 Addition: Syn: Alkenes 6, Alkynes 6, Alcohols 3, Alcohols 4, Ether 5 Anti: Alkenes 4, Alkenes 5, Alkynes 7 Alcohols: Alcohols 1 Aldehyde: Alkenes 8, Carbohydrates 1 Aldirol: Carbohydrates 8 Aldonic Acid: Carbohydrates 9 Alkanes: Alkanes 1 Alkenes: Alkenes 1 51's: Alkynes 6 trans: Alkynes 7 Alkyl Halides: Alkyl Halides 1 Alkynes: Alkynes 1 Internal: Alkenes 8 Terminal: Alkenes 8 Allylic Alcohol: Aldehydes/Ketones 10 Alpha Bromo Acids: Amino Acids 2 Alpha Carbon: Carbonyl tat-Substitution 1, Carbonyl (it-Substitution 3, Carbonyl cat-Substitution 4, Carbonyl (ll—Substitution 5, Carbonyl mSubstitution 6, Carbonyl ot-Substitution 9 Alpha Phenylseleno Ketone: Carbonyl (Jr-Substitution 6 Amides: Amides 1 Amines: Amines 1 Amino Acids: Amino Acids 1 Alpha-Carbon: Amino Acids 1 Amino-Terminal End: Amino Acids 1 Carboxy—Terrninal End: Amino Acids 1 Isoelectric Point: Amino Acids 1 Residue: Amino Acids 1 Aniline: Benzenes 1, 3 Anorner: Carbohydrates 1 o: Anomer: Carbohydrates 1, 4 [3 Anomer: Carbohydrates 1, 4 Anorneric Carbon: Carbohydrates 1, 4, 6 Anti-Markovnikov: Alkenes 7, Alcohols 3 Aromatic Compound: Benzenes 1 Axial Bond: Alkanes 4 B Benzenes: Benzenes 1 Benzenesulfonic Acid: Benzenes 4 Benzoic Acid: Benzenes 9 Benzylic Hydrogens: Benzenes 9 Benzyloxycarbonyl (Cbz): Amino Acids 7 Bond: Single: Alkanes 1 Double: Alkenes 1, Amides 1 Triple: Alkynes 1, Nitriles 1 INDEX Bromohydrin: Alkenes 5 Chromic Acid: Aldehydes/Ketones 3 t-Butoxycarbonyl (Boc): Amino Acids 7 Conformation Boat: Alkanes 4 C Chair: Alkanes 4, Carbohydrates 2 Carbanion: Ether 8 Eclipsed: Alkanes 2 Carbene: Alkenes 9 Gauche: Alkanes 2 Carbinolamine: Aldehydes/Ketones 5, Half-Chair: Alkanes 4 Aldehydes/Ketones 6 Staggered: Alkanes 2 Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates 1 Twist-Boat: Alkanes 4 Aldose: Carbohydrates 1 Conjugated: Benzenes 1 Cellobiose: Carbohydrates 6 Cyanide: Aldehydes/Ketones 4 Furanose: Carbohydrates 2, Carbohydrates 3 Cyanohydrin: Carbohydrates 10, D-Ribose: Carbohydrates 1 Aldehydes/Ketones 4 D-Galacrose: Carbohydrates 1 Cycloalkanes: Alkanes 3 D-Fructose: Carbohydrates 1, Carbohydrates 6 Cyclohexane: Alkanes 3 D,L Sugar: Carbohydrates 1 Cyclopropane: Alkenes 9 D-Sorbitol: Carbohydrates 8 Glycosides of: Carbohydrates 6 D Kerose: Carbohydrates 1 Deactivating Groups: Beuzenes 7 Maltose: Carbohydrates 6 ' Decarboxylarion: Carbonyl (Jr-Substitution 7, Monosaccharides: Carbohydrates 1 Carbonyl ot—Substitution 8 Polysaccharides: Carbohydrates 1, Dehydrohalogenation: Alkenes 2 Carbohydrates 6 Diastereomeric Salts: Amino Acids 5 Pyranose: Carbohydrates 2, Carbohydrates 3 Diazene: Aldehydes/Ketones 7 Sucrose: Carbohydrates 6 DIBAH: Aldehydes/Ketones. 2 Carbonyl ot—Substitution: Carbonyl Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC): Amino Acids 7 (at-Substitution 1 Diethyl Acetamidomalonare: Amino Acids 3 Carboxylic Acids: Carboxylic Acids 1 Dihalides: Carboxypeptidase: Amino Acids 5 Vincinal: Alkenes 4, Alkynes 2 Chromate Ester: Aldehydeleetones 3 Geminal: Alkynes 2, Alkynes 3 Diols: cis: Alcohols 4 Diorganocopper Reagents: Aldehydes/Ketones 10 E Electrons Withdrawing Groups: Carboxylic Acids 1, Phenols 1 Electrons Donating Groups: Carboxylic Acids 1, Phenols 1 Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Benzenes 1—7 Enamine: Aldehydes/Ketones 6 Enol Intermediate: Alkynes 5, Carbonyl rat-Substitution 1, Carbonyl OL~SubStitution 3, Carbonyl (Jr-Substitution 4 Enolate Anion Intermediate: Carbonyl cc- Substitution 1, Carbonyl (it-Substitution 2, Carbonyl ot-Substitution 5, Carbonyl tit-Substitution 6, Carbonyl (Jr-Substitution 7, Carbonyl (Jr—Substitution 8, Carbonyl otrSubstitution 9, Carbonyl Condensation 1, Carbonyl Condensation 2, Carbonyl Condensation 3, Carbonyl Condensation 4, Carbonyl Condensation 6, Aldehydes/Ketones 10 . Enone: Carbonyl (Jr-Substitution 6, Carbonyl Condensation 3 Epimer: Carbohydrates 1, 10 Epoxides: Alkenes 5, Ether 1 Equatorial Bond: Alkanes 4 Equilibrium Constant (Keq): Alkanes 2, 4 INDEX E1 Reaction: Alkyl Halides 9, Alkyl Halides 10, Alcohols 8 E2 Reaction: Alkyl Halides 8, Alkyl Halides 10, Alkenes 2, Alkynes 2, Amines 7, Carbonyl Condensation 3, Alcohols 8 Esters: Esters 1 Ether: Carbohydrates 7, Ether 1 E, Z System: Alkenes 1 G Gabriel Synthesis: Amines 3 . Gem-diol: Aldehydes/Ketones 3, Aldehydes/Ketones 8 Geometry: Periplanar: Alkenes 2 Planar: Alkenes 1, Carboxylic Acids 1, Phenols 1 Tetrahedral: Alkanes 1, Alcohols 1, Alkyl Halides 1 Gibb’s Free Energy: Alkanes 2, Alkanes 4 Gilman Reagents: Alkyl Halides 5, Aldehydes/Ketones 10 Glucose: Carbohydrates 1, Carbohydrates 2, Carbohydrates 3, Carbohydrates 4, Carbohydrates 5, Carbohydrates 6, Carbohydrates 8, Carbohydrates 11 Glycol: Ether 7 Glycosidic Bond: Carbohydrates 1, Carbohydrates 6 Grignard Reagents: Alkyl Halides 4, Carboxylic INDEX Acids 3, Nitriles 6, Alcohols 6, Ether 8 H Halohydrins: Alkenes 5, Ether 6, Ether 7 Hemiacetal: Aldehydestetones 8 Hemiaminal: Aldehydcs/Kctoncs 5, Aldehydes/Ketones 6 Homolytic Cleavage: Alkenes 7; Benzcncs 10 Hiickel’s Criteria: Benzenes 1 Hydrazine: Aldehydesmetones 7 Hydrazone: Aldehydes/Ketones 5; Aldehydestetones 7 Hybridization Sp: Alkynes 1 SpZ: Alkencs 1, Carboxylic Acids 1 Sp3: Alkanes 1, Amines 1, Alcohols 1, Alkyl Halides 1 Hydride: Amides 5 Hydride Shift: Alkene 3, Benezenes 5 Hyperconjugation: Alkencs 1 7 I Imides: Amines 3 Imine: Carbohydrates 10, Aldehydes/Ketones 5 Inductive Effect: Benzenes 7 Ion: Iminium: Amidcs 5, Amines 5, Aldehydestetoncs 5, Aidehydes/Ketones 6 Azide: Amines 2 Mercurinium: Alcohols 2 Isomers: cis: Alkenes 1, Alkanes 3 trans: Alkenes 1, Alkanes 3 J Jone’s Reagent: Aldehydes/Ketones 3 K Ketone: Alkencs 3; Benzenes 6; Carbohydrates 1 Kinetics: First Order: Alkyl Halides 7, Alkyl Halides 9 Second Order: Carbonyl tat-Substitution 3, Esters 3, Alkyl Halides 6, Alkyl Halides 8 KZCrZO-7: Benzenes 9 KMnO4: Alcohols 4; Benzenes 9 L LiAlH4: Amides 5, Amines 2, Nitriles 4, Alcohols 5, Alcohols 7, Aldehydestetones 2 Lindlar Catalyst: Alkynes 6 M Malonic Ester: Carbonyl (IL—Substitution 7 Markovnikov Addition: Alkcnes 3, Alkynes 3, Alkynes 5, Alcohols 2, Ether 3 Meisenheimer Complex: Benzenes 8 MMPP: Ether 5 Mercurinium Ion: Ether 3 Meso Compound: Alkenes 4 Meta Directors: Benzenes 1, Benzenes 7, Benzenes 8 Metal Catalysts: Alkenes 6, Amines 2 Mutarotation: Carbohydrates 4 N NaBH4: Alcohols 2, Alcohols 5, Alcohols 7; Carbohydrates 8 NaCr207: Benzenes 9 NBS: Alkyl Halides 3, Alkenes 5; Benzenes 10 Newman Proiection: Alkanes 2 Ninhydrin: Amino Acids 6 Nitriles: Nitriles 1 Nitrobenzene: Benzenes 3 Nucleophilic Acyl Substitution: Acyl Derivatives 1, Acyl Derivatives 2, Carboxylic Acids 4, Acyl Halides 2, Acyl Halides 3, Acyl Halides 4, Amides 3, Amides 4, Carboxylic Acids 5, Carboxylic Acids 6, Esters 2, Esters 3, Esters 4 O . Organolithium Reagents: Alkyl Halides 5 Ortho-Para Directors: Benzenes 1, Benzenes 7, Benzenes 8 Oxime: Carbohydrates 11, Aldehydcs/Ketones 5 INDEX Ozone: Alkenes 8 Ozonide: Alkenes 8 P PBr3: Alcohols 10 Peptides: Amino Acids 1 Peptide Bonds: Amino Acids 1 Peroxides: Alkenes 7 Peroxycarboxylic Acid: Ether 5 Phenols: Phenols 1, Benzenes 1 Projections: Fischer: Carbohydrates 2, Amino Acids 1 Haworth: Carbohydrates 2 Newman: Alkanes 2 Protecting Groups: Aldehydestetones 8, Amino Acids 7 Proteins: Amino Acids 1 R Racemic Mixture: Alkenes 3, Alkenes 4, Alkenes 5 Radicals: Alkenyl: Alkynes 7 Alkoxy: Alkenes 7 Alkyl: Alkenes 7 Allylic: Alkyl Halides 3. Anions: Benzenes 11 Benzylic: Benzenes 9, Benzenes 10 Bromine: Alkenes 7; Benzenes 10 Cyclohexadienyl: Benzenes 11 INDEX Reaction Solutions Benedict’s Solution: Carbohydrates 9 Fehling’s Solution: Carbohydrates 9 Tollens’ Solution: Carbohydrates 9 Reactions Amidomalonate Synthesis: Amino Acids 3 Birch Reduction: Benzenes 11 Carbonyl (at-Substitution: Carbonyl ot—Substitution 1 Carbonyl Condensation: Carbonyl Condensation 1 Claisen Condensation: Carbonyl Condensation 5, Carbonyl Condensation 6 Claisen Rearrangement: Phenols 3 Clemmensen Reduction: Aldehydes/Ketones 7 Curtius Rearrangement: Amines 6 Cycloaddition: Aldehydes/Ketones 9 Edman Degradation: Amino Acids 8 Electrophilic Addition: Alkenes 3, Alkenes 4, Alkenes 5 ' Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution: Phenols 2 Electrophilic Substitution Reaction: Benzenes 2, Benzenes 3, Benzenes 4, Benzenes 5, Benzenes 6, Benzenes 7 a Fischer Esterification: Carboxylic Acids 6 Friedel-Crafts Acylation: Benzenes 6 Friedel-Crafts Alkylation: Benzenes 5 Grignard reactions: Alcohols 6 Hell-Volhard-Zelinsky: Carbonyl ot-Substitution 4, Amino Acids 1 Hofmann Elimination: Amines 7 Hofmann Rearrangement: Amines 6 Hunsdiecker: Carboxylic Acids 7 Intramolecular Aldol: Carbonyl Condensation 2 Intramolecular Hemiacetal Reaction: Carbohydrates 3 Kiliani-Fischer Synthesis: Carbohydrates 10 Malonic Ester Synthesis: Amino Acids 3 Michael: Carbonyl Condensation 7 Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution: Benzenes 8 Radicals: Alkenes 7, Carboxylic Acids 7, Alkyl Halides 2, Alkyl Halides 3, Benzenes 10 Reductive Amination: Amines 5 Robinson Annulation: Carbonyl Condensation 7 Simmons-Smith: Alkenes 9 Strecker Synthesis: Amino Acids 4 That Extend Carbon Chain: Alkynes 8, Carboxylic Acids 2, Carboxylic Acids 3, Nitriles 2, Nitriles 4, Alcohols 6 That Shorten Carbon Chain: Amines 6, Carboxylic Acids 7 Williamson Ether Synthesis: Ether 2 Wittig: Aldehydes/Ketones 9 Wohl Degradation: Carbohydrates 11 Wolff-Kishner Reaction: Benzenes 6, Aldehydes/Ketones 77-. Rearrangement: Amines 6 Carbocation: Benzenes 5 Ring-Flip: Alkanes 4 Rules: Hoftnann’s: Amines 7 Zaitsev’s: Amines 7, Alcohols 8 S Schiff Base: Aldehydes/Kerones 5, Amino Acids 6 Shift: Hydride: Alkencs 3 SN] Reaction: Alkyl halides 7, Alkyl Halides 10, Alcohols 9 5N2 Reaction: Alkyl Halides 6, Alkyl Halides 10, Alkenes 2, Alkynes 8, Amines 2, Amines 3, Amines 4, Carbonyl OL-Substiturion 6, Carbonyl ot-Substitution 7, Carbonyl or- Substitution 8, Carbonyl tat-Substitution 9, Nitriles Z, Alcohols 10, Carbohydrates 7 SOCIZ: Alcohols 10 Specific Rotation: Carbohydrates 4 Stereospecificity: Alkenes 9, Alkyl Halides 8 Stereocenter: Alkenes 3, Alkenes 4, Alkenes 5, Carbohydrates 1 Strain: Angle: Alkanes 3 Ring: Alkanes 3, Ether 7 Steric: Alkanes 3 and 4 INDEX Torsional: Alkanes 3 and 4 Sulfides: Ether 1 T Tautomerization: Carbonyl tic-Substitution 2, Alkynes 5, Carbonyl a—Subsrirurirm 4, Carbohydrates 9 Thiolate Anion: Ether 9 Toluene: Benzenes 1, Aldehydes/Ketones 2 Tollens’ Reagent: Aldehydes/Ketones 3 Trifluoroacetic Acid: Amino Acids 7 Triphenylphosphines: Aldehydes/Ketones 9 V van der Waals: Alkanes 1, Y Ylides: Aldehydes/Ketones 9 Z Zwitterionic: Benzenes 4, Amino Acids 1 ...
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index - Index A Acetals of: Carbohydrates 6,...

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