Week_16_handout

Week_16_handout - Laura Escobar-Vallecillo SWMS 210 Week...

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Laura Escobar-Vallecillo SWMS 210 Week #16 A World Without Gender: Making the Revolution By: Judith Lorber “With all the diversity and divisions of gender identification and gender practices, the ultimate paradox is that gender systems are still binary.” (537) “The ubiquity of gender as an organizing principle of social life leads to the belief that the man-woman division is a male-female division. It is not. Societies are not divided into ‘penises’ and ‘vaginas’…Nor are most modern societies divided into child bearers and non-child bearers.” (537) “The comparative social categories for ‘woman’ and ‘man’ are not body types but social divisions like ‘slave’ and ‘free man’…In societies that do not have third genders, you pass at great peril as a person of the gender category opposite the one you are legally assigned, but it is done easily, especially when all it takes is a clothing change.” (537) “The insidiousness of such deeply embedded social categories is that they control our lives. They create differences between one group and its supposed opposite and designate the first group as primary, the norm, and the second as subordinate, the other. The differences are established through the contrast of socially created opposites.” (537) “The distinction between women and men and the dominance of men are hard to justify in modern Western societies, but they persist…Robert Max Jackson argues that women have substantial equality with men in jobs, legal rights, education, and voting power. Despite these marks of formal equality, what he calls residual inequalities are still to be tackled – the rarity or women in high political office and at the top levels of prestigious and lucrative professions, the widespread imbalance of domestic labor…” (538) “The areas of inequality are stubbornly resistant to change. Most men living in households with adult women do not share equally in domestic work and child care, so most women have a double shift work, or they hire to do ‘their’ work another woman from the supply of those disadvantaged by poor education or immigrant status.” (538) “In many respects, women and men are so equal that gender divisions seem unnecessary, and then, when they are ignored, major aspects of inequality thwart women’s ambitions. The infamous glass ceiling that allows women to see the road to the top and then bump their heads on the invisible barriers is a case of perennial gender inequality.” (538) “Women and men more and more do similar work, but dominant men continue to monopolize the better jobs, and the work world continues to replicate occupational gender segregation…During the 1970’s, women who went into occupations where the employees were predominately men soon found
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Week_16_handout - Laura Escobar-Vallecillo SWMS 210 Week...

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