Outline 37 2008 Learning & Memory

Outline 37 2008 Learning & Memory - 3. To examine...

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Lecture 37: LEARNING AND MEMORY Summary. This lecture focuses on the mechanisms of learning, and the storage of memories. We first briefly examine the importance of learning in the development of behavior and survey some of the various types of learning that have been described. Second we examine the brain areas that are important for specialized types of learning, including spatial memories and learned associations. Finally we examine the mechanisms of synaptic plasticity that correlate with the changes in behavior we call learning. Reading Assignment Campbell, N. A. and Reece, J. B. (2008). Chapter 49 (pp. 1078-1080), Chapter 51.(pp. 1125-1129). Objectives 1. To understand the distinction between instinct and learning. 2. To be able to define learning, and make distinctions between the different types of learning, including imprinting, spatial learning, habituation, associative learning, non associative learning, etc.
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Unformatted text preview: 3. To examine spatial learning, and be able to give examples of species, from insects to mammals with extraordinary abilities at spatial memories. To learn of certain important brain correlates of these large spatial memories. 4. To understand a simple example of non-associative learning in the marine slug, Aplysia, and its neural basis. 5. To explore a neural circuit in the hippocampus that appears to be involved in spatial learning, and understand the cellular basis of learning as a change in synaptic strength as a result of experience. Study Questions 1. Long term potentiation (LTP) is thought to be one important mechanism for forming memories of sensory events. Describe the mechanism of LTP. 2. Some types of learning appear to be restricted to a certain time period during development. Give an example of this type of learning. 3. Why is food aversion learning unusual?...
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