02_Strayer_1052-1053_1069-1078 - Anna Dubova A Russian...

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Anna Dubova, A Russian Peasant Girl and Urban Woman (1052-1053):-Born to a peasant family of 14 children in which only 7 survived-Anna’s father and grandmother were suspicious of the soviets but her father accepted the position of chairman at a local village soviet-Under Lenin’s NEP, they opened a small shop-This put them under the label of “kulak” so their belongings were confiscated and they were to be deported to North Russia, but Anna moved to her sister in Moscow by renouncing ties with her parents (as a teenager)-Gains a basic education, learns cake decoration, and occasionally works as a chauffeur-Marries a Communist party activist to overshadow her kulak label-During the reign of terror, she was afraid that if she was arrested, she would be raped in prison-Anna wore a cross under her clothing, but never publicly prayed because she remembered the looting of churches and the destruction of icons in her childhood-Never joined the communist party due to fear that her kulak and religious background would be revealed-She marries another man after Stalin’s death and worked in a construction office-Lack of party connections and higher education kept her back from having a high-paying job-She felt that she liked her life as a peasant better than her life as an urban worker because she felt that as a peasant, she could work for her own food while she worked for someone else in the cityStalin on Stalinism: Background-In 1933, Stalin explains achievements of the first five-year planDocument 21.1: The Results of the First Five-Year Plan-Main goal of first five-year plan was to increase industrialization through self-sufficiency to “widen the front of socialist forms of economy”-Goal: to abolish economic classes-Main improvements in the past five years: -An iron and steel industry now exists, as well as tractors, cars, chemicals, electricity, coal, and metals-Says that his new industries are bigger than those of Europe-Claims that the USSR went from defenseless to ready for any attack-Stalin explains that the negligence of some demands

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