Geologic_Thought_Lecture

Geologic_Thought_Lecture - Today Geologic Thought(Chapters...

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Today: Geologic Thought (Chapters 11-15) Next Time: Earthquakes, seismology (Chapter 16)
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Science and the Scientific Method The Ancients Philosophy: Rationalism vs. Empiricism Descartes and Newton vs. Hume Steno Werner Hutton Catastrophism vs. Uniformitarianism Lyell Smith Darwin Kelvin and the Age of the Earth Science, again Chapter 11-15: Geologic Thought Next lecture: Chapter 16
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What is Science? 1. The state of knowing (as distinguished from ignorance) 2. A department of systematized knowledge as an object of study 3. Knowledge covering general truths or the operation of general laws, especially as obtained and tested through the scientific method
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And the Scientific Method? Principles and procedures for the systematic pursuit of knowledge involving: the recognition and formulation of a problem , the collection of data through observation and experiment, and the formulation and testing of hypotheses .
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Aristotle Augustine
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Rene Descartes 1596-1660 Rationalist: Trust mind over senses Throw out, then reacquire knowledge “Cogito ergo sum”
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http://www.brogdale.org.uk/image1.php?varietyid=1089 Newton
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