[1]Information studies and History

[1]Information studies and History - Module 1 Information...

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Module 1: Information, Information Studies, & History of Information Information, Information Science and Information Studies The terms "Information Science" and "Information Studies" are often used interchangeably, but this is a misnomer. Information studies would more correctly be defined as the study of information science, and the elements included therein. For the purpose of this class, we will largely be looking at the field of Information Science (IS) in the context of our academic setting. Information Science has been defined as: … a discipline that investigates the properties and behavior of information, the forces governing the flow of information, and the means of processing information for optimum accessibility and usability. It is concerned with that body of knowledge relating to the origination, collection, organization, storage, retrieval, interpretation, transmission, transformation, and utilization of information [emphasis added]. This includes the investigation of information representations in both natural and artificial systems, the use of codes for efficient message transmission, and the study of information processing devices and techniques such as computers and their programming systems. It is an interdisciplinary science derived from and related to such fields as mathematics, logic, linguistics, psychology, computer technology, operations research, the graphic arts, communications, library science, management, and other similar fields. It has both a pure science component, which inquires into the subject without regard to its application, and an applied science component, which develops services and products. (Borko, 1968). More succinctly, you may want to think of it as an examination of the properties, structure, and communication of knowledge; and the creation and improvement of methods for its organization and dissemination. As you can see, IS is an interdisciplinary discipline, encompassing almost all other areas of academia. This type of field is commonly known as a "meta-discipline" or one that embraces many other disciplines. During the course of the semester, we will examine some of the elements of the field, looking at many of the current topics of interest within the field. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________ Information, and the Information life-cycle Information: Let us first look at what is meant by the term "information" in the context of Information Science (IS). Within IS, there is an accepted, although artificial, hierarchy of the progression of information: Data, a collection of disorganized and often unrelated facts; Information, or data which have been organized into a coherent whole
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Knowledge, or information that has been received and understood by an individual or collective body Wisdom, or knowledge integrated into the life of the knower "Data are not information. Information is data endowed with relevance and purpose. Knowledge is information endowed with application. Wisdom is knowledge endowed
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[1]Information studies and History - Module 1 Information...

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